Visible roots of interstate problems, which led in 2008 to the five-day war between Russia and Georgia, are in Georgian internal conflict.The structure of this country consists of three republics (Abkhazia, Ajaria and South Ossetia), which have their own government.During the collapse of the Soviet Union, they also claimed a much greater autonomy, including the right of establishing a separate state or entry into the Russian Federation.
By the end of the last century, all this has led to a local war between the central government, South Ossetia and Abkhazia.Rebellion were repaid with the mediation of Ru
ssia, and to prevent a recurrence of hostilities in areas of conflict armed Russian peacekeepers are located.Between Russia and Georgia was signed several agreements that establish the status of peacekeepers and to stipulate the participation of Russia in the restoration of the republic.
However, this has not led to the political settlement of the conflict in central and republican authorities, but only canned contradictions.For example, South Ossetia and Abkhazia did not participate in the presidential elections in Georgia.Since coming to power of Mikhail Saakashvili conflicts again moved into a military phase, but is now under attack and were placed there by Russian soldiers.
7 August 2008, Georgian troops attacked South Ossetia's main city Tskhinvali, causing except local residents and peacekeepers were killed.In response, Russia launched in Georgia hostilities "peace enforcement", which lasted five days and ended with the defeat of Georgia.After that the Russian Federation recognized the independence of South Ossetia and Abkhazia and to conclude with them international treaties that should provide them with military support in the event of another attack of the Georgian army.
All this has led to a confrontation between Russia and Georgia in various spheres - from the import ban in Russia "Borjomi" and tighten the visa regime to the Georgian side of blocking Russia's accession to the World Trade Organization.