ancient history of Israel
first the kingdom of Israel appeared in the Eastern Mediterranean in the X century.BC.However, the short-lived independent country.From the VII century it was under the control of various invaders, until it was captured by the Roman Empire in 63 BCThis area is always delivered to the Romans a lot of problems, including due to the Jewish religion: Judaism, forbade worship the Roman emperor as a deity, which was a prerequisite for the loyalty of the local authorities in the eyes of Rome.
in 135 ADon the territory of the pro
vince passed the Israeli unsuccessful revolt against the Romans.These disturbances have a major impact on the fate of the Jewish people.According to the decision of the emperor to punish the Jews were expelled from the territory of the province, and it took other nations.This marked the beginning of the emergence of the Jewish communities throughout the Roman Empire and beyond.
Over time, Jewish communities appeared in the Slavic lands.
emergence of the modern state of Israel
At the end of the XIX century.among the Jews there was a desire to return to the historic land of Israel.The first settlers went to Palestine after 1881, another wave came in the period before the First World War.Jews to establish settlements in the territories that belonged to the Ottoman Empire, and the time did not claim to independence.
The majority of the Jews moved to Palestine for religious reasons, but there were also those who planned to build in the country socialist commune.
After World War I, Palestine became a mandated territory of Great Britain.The relocation of the Jews to the land continued, but it caused discontent among the Arab population.Britain introduced a quota for the entry of foreign Jews, but they are not always followed.The most acute situation in the late thirties, when a large influx of Jews from Germany caused the uprising of Palestinian Arabs.As a result, the United Kingdom since 1939 has banned the Jewish migration to their controlled territory.
After World War II the problem of creating a Jewish state has become truly urgent.Since 1947, Britain gave up control of Palestine.The United States and the Soviet Union came to an agreement on the question of Palestine - the land was split between Jews and Arabs.Thus, the date of the founding of Israel can be considered a May 14, 1948, when David Ben-Gurion proclaimed the establishment of an independent Jewish state.However, diplomats from other countries could not translate the dialogue between Arabs and Jews in the peaceful course.Soon after the declaration of independence of Israel several Arab states have started with him a military conflict.Nevertheless, Israel has gradually been recognized by almost all countries of the world.