Liberalism and socialism are different views on the current stage of historical development.So, for the civilization of liberalism that made the individual the center of socio-economic and social life, it was an important achievement.This stage of human development is seen by liberals as a final.Socialism criticizes the modern civilization, he believes it is only a step in the historical evolution, but not the last.According to the socialist views of human history is just beginning, and the global goal of development is seen in the overthrow of the socialist current capitalist system and the construction of an ideal society.That is why the socialist ideas are often on the verge of a utopian currents.
most important freedoms of liberalism co
nsiders business or individual's right to private property.While political freedom for him is secondary to the economic.The ideal society for the Liberals is seen to provide for each individual equal rights and opportunities for success and public recognition.If liberalism is identical freedom individual freedom of every person, for the socialism it goes beyond privacy.On the contrary, socialism is opposed to individualism and brings to the fore the idea of ​​social cooperation.
great contribution to the development of the doctrine of liberal society can be considered as they spread the principles of the rule of law, equality before the law, the limited power of the state, its transparency and accountability.In particular, liberalism rejected the formerly dominant theological theory of the origin and functioning of the government, that justify its divine origin.If the original liberals inclined to minimal government influence on economic processes, today's theories allow state intervention to address socially important problems - balancing social situation, combat unemployment, ensuring equal access to education and so forth. But the government, according to liberalism, there is onlygood subordinates and should secure their interests.
as an ideal society for the socialist sees something in which there is no place of exploitation of man by man, and approved by the social equality and justice.According to the ideological trend, such a society can be achieved only through the abolition of private property and its replacement with collective and public.This process should lead to a reduction of human alienation from the results of their work, to eliminate the exploitation of man by man, to reduce social inequalities and ensure the harmonious development of every individual.
most common form of practical implementation of the theory of socialism is a political system based on the full state control over the economy or the so-called command-administrative system.Now widely used so-called model of market socialism, which suggest the presence of enterprises with collective ownership in a market economy.