Who are the fists
collectivization provided a radical break with previous economic relations in agriculture.She was required to eliminate the remnants of outdated relations in the countryside, as well as needed to replenish the state budget.Without this, it was impossible to carry out a rapid and large-scale industrialization of the Soviet Union.The essence of collectivization was the transition from individual to collective farming.
from previous capitalist system in the country, passing through the revolution and civil war, remained strong farms, which ar
e relatively widely used hired labor - farm hands.The heads of such enterprises since the end of the XIX century was called in Russia fists.The Soviet state has set its executive bodies on the ground ruthless task of eliminating the kulaks as the existence of this social stratum prevent the complete elimination of exploitation.
kulaks in the Soviet Union was equal to the bourgeoisie, which, as it was known to many of the political education course, is making its countless state by ruthless predatory exploitation of the working masses.While in rural areas remained pockets of capitalist relations, there could be no question of the victory of socialism.This was the ideological basis of repression, which developed in the Soviet countryside.
How was the cannibalization
Campaign dispossessed strong individual farms began in the late 20s, although the ruling party Central Committee on measures against the kulaks in the areas of mass collectivization, published in January 1930.Measures to eliminate the class of rural rich were designed to prepare the ground for bringing the peasants into collective farms.
During the first two years of repression was expropriated hundreds of thousands of individual farms.Food stocks accumulated by exploiting the labor of others, livestock and other property subject to confiscation fists.Prosperous peasants deprived of civil rights, and entire families were exiled to remote regions of the country.Confiscated property transferred to the collective farms created in rural areas, but there is evidence that part of it simply plundered by those who carry out activities to "sweep" the village of the kulaks.
After the first wave of dispossession, the second phase, during which the fists began to equate and middle peasants, sometimes had owned a poultry and one cow.In this way the initiative activists tried to reach the top of the standard set of indicators for the dispossessed.Even the term "kulak agents."So called individual middle and poor, something that did not please the local authorities.
By 1933, the process of dispossession was suspended by special directives of the government, but in the field of inertia still continued.During the years of Soviet repression village I lost not only the exploiters, but also many independent and enterprising owners.Phase begins involvement of peasants into collective farms, which have become the main form of farming in rural areas.