Concept and types of geopolitical models
geopolitical model of the world - is a global geopolitical structure, a kind of configuration of the system of international relations.Geopolitics is studying how the current balance of political forces, and builds a model of the future.Geopolitics seek to identify mechanisms of control over the territory and ways of distribution of global power.It was the geopolitical simulation methodological basis for geopolitics.
In general terms, there are three geopolitical model:
- single-pole, single-state hegemony in determining world policy;
- bipolar - this model existed during the Cold War, which was characterized by the presence of two centers of power - the Soviet Union and the United States;
- multipolar, there are m
any different geopolitical centers of influence.
the most significant trends of the modern world is the transition from a bipolar to a multipolar model.So modern geopolitics is also interpreted as a policy of multipolarity.
modern geopolitical model
The main modern geopolitical models now include six-pole world civilizational confrontation, the model of concentric circles, opposition to the Western world.
author of the six-pole model of the world is a well-known American diplomat Henry Kissinger.According to him to determine the state of the system of international relations will be six members - the US, China, Europe, Japan, Russia and India.The proposed model policy three centers of influence (China, Russia and India) would be independent from the West, yet the United States will hold the decisive role in the global world order.
Recently becoming increasingly important civilizational model of Huntington's.According to the theory of the geopolitics of the world's seven different civilizations that have fundamentally different dominant value system.This Western, Islamic, Orthodox, Chinese, Indian, Japanese, Latin American.This value differences become the basis of conflicts between them, and leave little room for compromise.According to Huntington, in the 21st century Western civilization is seeking to expand its own hegemony.It is the idea of the universality of the West and the versatility of their system of values will lead to a clash with other civilizations, especially the Islamic and Chinese.
increased interest in the model of "the formation of civilization" intensified after the activation of international terrorism.It is expected that in the future, a key element of international relations are inter-civilization conflicts.
According to the model of concentric circles of international relations will be determined by the "rod democracies", led by the US and its partners (the EU, Japan).
A similar model is defined as a model of confrontation of the western world.It is based on the thesis of the universality of the democratic and liberal values, and whether they should be spread (or even impose) to other states.Naturally such a desire to dominate the US will lead to opposition from other countries.
in Russian literature in recent years can be met propaganda revival bipolar model.According to researchers, as one pole will be the Atlantic world, led by the United States, another center will be the Eurasian world, led by Russia.