resettlement of Kurds
largest Kurdish ethnic territory occupies the south-east of Turkey near the city of Diyarbakir and Van Lake.The number of Turkish Kurds, according to rough estimates, 15-20 million people.Iran has a population of approximately 7 million Kurds, a little less than in Iraq and Syria, a small Kurdish diaspora living in Germany, Sweden, Great Britain and France.In Russia there are about 20 thousand. Kurds living in Adygeya, Stavropol and Krasnodar regions, Novosibirsk and Saratov regions.Overall, the number of people estimated to be 40 million people.
main problem of the Kurds - is that they do not have their own state.Kurds living in Syria and Turkey, the righ
ts of oppressed: in Syria, they are not recognized as citizens of the country, the Kurds in Turkey can not speak their language, to promote their culture.The problem complicates the oil-rich territory of Kurdistan, in connection with which the world's major states wish to control this serious source of energy.He plays his role and political disunity of the Kurds.Most of the population seeking independence, and believes that they are the people responsible for that all necessary criteria (language, territorial continuity, culture, history).
Religion and Culture
vast majority of the Kurds profess Sunni Islam, most of - Shia Muslims, there are also Christians and Jews.A small part of the Kurds - the adherents of the religion of pre-Islamic Kurdish - Yezidis.But the primordial religion of Zoroastrianism all Kurds believe.
Kurdish nation is not homogeneous in terms of language.There are two separate, very different, the Kurdish language - Kurmanji and Sorani.In Sorani there is no delivery, Kurmanji they are, so it is impossible to combine them.
The majority of these people have to live in economic hardship, many consider them wild and uneducated.In fact, the Kurdish culture is very rich and ancient.Kurdish folklore differs great originality and variety.There are many national fairy tales, songs, legends, wedding and funeral ceremonies.The first written records date back to the VII century the Kurds.Literature is developed from the XI century, reaching its peak in the XIV-XVIII centuries, in the work of poets such as Teiranes Faki Ahmed Hani, Haris Bitlis.The main occupation of the Kurds since ancient times - semi-nomadic animal husbandry and agriculture, and development of handicrafts.
- Kurds: History, religion, culture