North Caucasus today is in relative peace.But several ethnic conflicts are smoldering phase.The most famous is the Ossetian-Ingush conflict.In 1991, the Ingush, who lived in the Prigorodny district of North Ossetia, made an attempt to seize territory and then joining them to Ingushetia.But they were stopped by Ossetian militia and federal troops.Ingush did not leave the idea of expanding living space and constantly say that Ossetians will certainly revenge. Ingush officially ready to support any political force, which promises a revision of the Ossetian-Ingush conflict.Another example: almost all the militants who seized the school in Beslan were ethnic Ingush. situation is complicated by the fact that the Ingush are fanatical Muslims, and O
ssetians, preserving traditional beliefs, are attracted to Christianity.As a result of ethnic conflict takes on the character and religious.
Another unresolved issue is the unclear status of the Circassians.Today Circassians split between the four regions of the Russian Federation - Kabardino-Balkaria, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea and Krasnodar Territory. Circassians - self of the people.Circassians - this is called the Russian Circassians.Currently, the descendants of the Circassians are, in fact, Circassians, Kabardians and Circassians, separated by region. Historically, the capital of Adygea and the place of the last battle of the Adyghe tribes from Tsarist Russia - a city of Krasnaya Polyana, a modern ski resort, where the 22th Winter Olympics.Circassian activists today are persecuted by the authorities, which clearly suggest that any revision of the Circassian issue will not be.The conflict here has a pronounced anti-Russian character.
Another problem for the North Caucasus is expansion of Wahhabism - non-traditional Islam in the region, Saudi Arabia exported.In the forests of Dagestan and Ingushetia happening armed jihad against the infidels.But in fact the problem is expressed in excess of drive of the local population and the lack of prospects.The decision of the majority of the problems of the Caucasus lies in the improvement of social services than today and the federal government is concerned.