Tip 1: How are presidential elections

Election of the President is considered one of the most significant events in the political life, as a joint decision of citizens can change the situation in the country.There are special rules to enable every citizen to make a choice without fear of pressure from the government.
Guide
1
100 days before the forthcoming elections, the Federation Council appoints the day of the vote.This is usually the same month in which the incumbent president was chosen.According to the adopted law in 2008, the governor selects one time in 6 years.
2
Following the appointment of the election date in the CEC registered presidential candidates.These people are either out of the existing parties or samovydvigayutsya.Nominees, without party support must score at least 500 votes institution registered with the CEC.
3
since registration before election day the candidates conducted the election campaign, bringing to the attention of your target voters.Campaigning is prohibited on election day.
4
While candidates explain why people should vote for each of them, the CEC and formed municipal department make up the preliminary voter lists.The date and place of the preliminary elections shall be announced no later than 20 days.The voter can specify the address of the site on which it will be able to vote in the Central Election website.
5
Those citizens who can not vote on election day at their polling station shall be entitled to receive an absentee ballot and the opportunity to cast their vote in the place where they will be.To do this, write a statement at the polling station no later than 19 days before voting.
6
On election day, the voters come to the area with a passport or any other identification document.To get a ballot, you need to go to the registration desk and produce documents.Member of the Commission must verify the data from the passport with the details on the electoral list.Then access should put his signature in front of his name.After that issued newsletter.
7
voter must then pass a closed booth, where one can not be present, except for him.Among the candidates on the ballot you must choose one and put any mark in front of his name.Completed ballots fall apart in the area closed bins.
8
for keeping order and the legality of the election the following observers and members of the commission.To be able to monitor the electoral process, must be registered at the headquarters of one of the presidential candidates.By monitoring also allowed foreign citizens, representing the interests of international public organizations.
9
At 20:00 the elections end, and begins counting.The winner is the candidate who has voted more than 50% of voters.If there are no results or 2 candidates have the same number of votes, a second round of voting.It is attended by only the two candidates who have won first and second place.

Tip 2: How are the elections in Russia

Elections is considered a basic in any democratic state, and the forms and types of electoral systems differ.For example, elections in America are radically different from the elections in Russia, where his attitude to politics and power expresses all the people, not a group of electors.
As the elections are held in Russia
Guide
1
The Russian Federation Constitution of the State provided for universal suffrage, based on seven principles.Any sane adult citizen of Russia has the right to elect and be elected.
2
direct elections in Russia, ie,the voter to vote in elections for or against a candidate (list of candidates) directly.This Constitution enshrines the voluntary choice, that is,to make or not to go to vote can not be human.
3
Since 2012, Russia's practice of "single voting day" - one of the spring Sunday and one of autumn allocated for the organization of elections throughout the country, in this day work absolutely all election commissions, includingabroad.
4
Since 2013, all polling stations and put CCTV system, as well as organized the online broadcast of the voting process on the Internet.This is done in order to avoid falsification of the results will of citizens.
5
week before the date fixed for the election officers Election Commission shall notify each citizen living in the territory entrusted to them (polling station), the date and place of voting.
6 Arriving at the polling station in the community with an identity document, a citizen must register (sign in front of his name and passport details) and obtain a ballot.
7
Ballots are not subject to the numbering, and nobody has the right to try to identify him, t. E. The identity of the voter.
8
Elections to the Russian secret, to preserve the secrecy of the areas organized voting booth - most often it is the screen on the stand and the handle.
9
Going into the booth, a citizen should be familiar with the ballot and put a mark in front of his chosen candidate.Until recently, citizens could vote against all candidates on the list, but today this practice is ruled out.
10
Bulletin puts the citizen at the ballot box, which is usually located in the center of the room in mind.The urn can be electronic, and then, passing through the reader, the newsletter is taken into account, and the information in it is read by the system and entered into the database.This feature allows you to back-up control of the counting of votes, but the disclosure until after the voting is strictly prohibited.The transparent ballot box or urn-cabinet papers just are such that to get them out is only possible to open a special lock.
11
All elections shall end at 20:00 local time.After the completion of the voting day electoral commission under the supervision of independent observers begins to count the ballots.This is a long and laborious procedure.During the night, the committee members and observers have the right to announce the preliminary results of the elections.Not later than three days announces the results of elections - held or not, as well as official data of the first count.The candidate or the party with the most votes win the election is considered.
Note
citizens living abroad, vote at polling stations in embassies or consulates.Citizens who are in hospitals, or in military units, vote in the place of residence.
Helpful Hint
If you are due to health (confirmed disability) do not have the opportunity to visit the polling station, you have the right to invite the members of the commission home and fill in the ballot at home.

0
0