The concept states that the new migration policy is designed to offset the decline in the population of the country at the expense of workers, and that actually carried out the last 20 years.Rosstat predicts that only 54-57% of the population will be able to work in 2030 and predicted that the population of that time will be reduced by several million people, which is especially critical for the strategically important regions of Siberia and the Far East.
According to the authors of the document, now under the law, foreigners can come to work in Russia only in the short term.Now it wants to move to Russia for permanent plan to give such an opportunity.According to statistics, 4-5 million migrants from 9.2 working in Russia illegally.A budget suffers huge losses due to tax evasion.
The document states the need to facilitate the adaptation and integration of migrants in the Russian Federation.However, it did not specify what kind of number of visitors planned to adapt, and does not mention anything about their cultural and religious identity.Namely, on this basis in the recent increase in ethnic clashes in large and small towns of Russia.While the integration of similar mentality of the Ukrainians, Belarusians and Moldovans is straightforward, with representatives of all the Caucasus is more complicated.
The concept, on the other hand, the task of combating illegal migration.Thus, the planned introduction of the exam on the knowledge of the Russian language, history and law of the Russian Federation for migrant workers in November 2012. Violators of immigration legislation will extend the ban on entry into the Russian Federation and possibly introduce criminal liability for violation of this law.It is planned to tighten control over the registration of tenants in rented apartments, to end the practice of settling a number of migrants in an apartment.
According to critics, the concept of selective migration is not disclosed in the document, there are no clear selection criteria.They believe that such an open migration policy creates the danger of gradual dissolution of the Russian nation as such in other nations.Critics point out that migrants are mostly low-skilled workers.First, they agree to work for a small salary, but then their demands are growing, and they begin to establish their own rules, as it happened, for example, in France.
Some experts point out that it would be possible to encourage the birth rate in Russia by improving the lives of Russians, to land in the Far East and Siberia who want to process them, and then compensate for the lack of labor by foreigners would not have to.It would also help reduce unemployment among Russians.Also, the effect could be to repatriation - encouraging Russian return to their homeland from other countries.