By 1991 - the year of the collapse of the official - the Soviet Union came up with a performance full of degradation and decline in all areas: economic, ideological, military, infrastructure and management.
ideology.For 70 years of the one-sixth of the land communist ideology exhausted and totally discredited the main - initially stillborn - Marxist-Leninist doctrine.
The society has matured crisis of the genre: the civil society was not simply formed and destroyed ten-year efforts of the Communist Party and the KGB in principle.Any destroyed its manifestation in its infancy.
All official civil institutions were officious, demagogic-sophistical discourse.
Every year, partly because of economic degradation, in some republics were exacerbated inter-ethnic conflicts that overwhelming power.Many representatives of national communities become dissidents, rigidly pursued or were serving prison sentences, such as: Mustafa Cemil, Paruyr Hayrikyan, Zviad Gamsakhurdia, Abulfaz Elchibey, Andranik Margaryan.
This violation of basic civil rights and freedoms in the Soviet Union was the basic rule of existence: the prohibition of travel abroad, a ban on freedom of religion, censorship, oppression on ethnic grounds of so-called "delinquent nations": the Chechens, Jews, CrimeanTatars, Meskhetian Turks.The KGB always pays special attention to immigrants from Western Ukraine and the Baltic republics.
Economic + military reason: since the early '50s the Soviet Union not only got involved in the arms race, he imposed it to the world.And if in the early '50s, thanks to breakthrough engineering in military aviation and space industry, the Soviet Union was able to get ahead of the rest of the left behind the "iron curtain", by the end of the 70s turned to the history of the Soviet Union back.The country is rapidly degraded, and the curve of its economy rapidly rushing to complete to zero, as all efforts were focused on the arms race with the full decline of scientific and technical, intellectual progress.
mid-80s of the last century brought yet another "surprise" of the USSR - the world fell sharply, world oil prices: about 10-30 dollars per barrel.In this regard, the country is one of the largest exporters of oil, he entered the death spiral and eventually lost its position as the leader and the socialist camp, and as a superpower.
economic situation has become catastrophic: daily shortages of the basic necessities, food crisis, is not reduced funding-support "friendly" countries with the socialist way of development: Cuba, Angola, Vietnam, Laos, NorthKorea etc.
Management degradation: in the early 80's in the Soviet Union, among other things happened as well managerial collapse.Ruled the country Kremlin elders did not realize not only that they are rapidly taken to the grave with the entire Soviet Union, but that behind them did not leave any of any significant and unusual thinking individual, who could become the country the crisis manager.
party functionaries, Dorval to power at the turn of the era - Mikhail Gorbachev, Boris Yeltsin - there were only two sides of the same coin, which is tossed into the air the story, and the rates at which, as the eagle il tails, doingstretching in different directions to personal ambitions and interests of the many close and gray cardinals.
Ultimately, gerontological Areopagus was divided into three zones of influence - the Emergency Committee, a team of supporting Yeltsin and a few support Gorbachev.The first and the last, and finally lost to the country and the arms race.However, as time has shown, the average and the team was unable to change the depressing reality.
Officially, the Soviet Union has died twice: December 8, 1991 - the day when Leonid Kravchuk, Yeltsin and Stanislav Shushkevich podpisli Bialowieza conspiracy and 25 December of the same year, when Mikhail Gorbachev resigned as FirstPresident of the USSR.