ideas about the state of law is constantly fine-tuned, a significant contribution to their development have philosophers and scientists, John Locke (1632-1704 gg.), Charles de Montesquieu (1689-1755 gg.), Later Immanuel Kant (1724-1804 gg.)Georg Hegel (1770-1831 gg.) and others.The first experience of the rule of law belongs to America and France, it is in these countries in 1789 were legislated human rights and freedoms.Modern views on the state of law require the presence of a number of characteristic features.


priority rights over the state


State can be considered legal if it is limited by the power of law and acts in the inter
ests of the individual, in order to ensure the rights and freedoms of citizens.The boundary of the rights of one man goes where his actions violate the rights of another.Primacy of law before the state also means that people have the sovereign and inalienable right to participate in the implementation of the government.


«The law is above all»


law - a form of expression rights.The laws of the state of law based on legal principles and not authorize the arbitrariness, violence and dictatorship.Changing the law is entitled to only the highest legislative body, and the regulations should not contradict the law.


Constitution and the Constitutional Court


Human Rights and Freedoms in a legal state - the highest value.This provision should be enshrined in the Constitution or in any other document.The Constitutional Court ensures compliance with the laws of the Constitution and acts as a guarantor of social stability.


principle of separation of powers


separation of powers into three distinct branches - legislative, executive and judicial.This approach avoids the concentration of levers of government in the same hands, and move away from authoritarianism and despotism guarantees the rights of the individual.Branches of government, and the relative independence of each other, establish mutual control.


legal culture and a stable rule of law


obligation on the authorities in the state of law - is to ensure the reality of human rights and freedoms, respect for the laws of a stable order.Citizens of the country while also have a responsibility to the state.They are obliged to respect existing laws, to know their rights and know how to use them.