After the Second World War always involves confrontation between the countries of the capitalist West and the communist East has received a logical development.The finale of the war, the moral superiority of the Soviet Union and the new territorial borders in Europe exacerbated the ideological contradictions in the postwar world.West felt it necessary to develop a system of checks and balances to ensure that the Communist - Stalin - the ideology was unable to find new allies in the world.In turn, the USSR, the winner of the count
ry, could not be offended snobbish arrogance of the West.

«Let's quickly invent some other calendar that today was not the twentieth century?», -
Stanislaw Jerzy Lec.


One day in March



Once Winston Churchill went on vacation.The war was over half a year already, his party lost the elections, so he was no longer prime minister and quietly went to the opposition.Having gone through before a few tense years, he finally allowed himself to relax and decided that it is best to go to a country, which he loved almost as much as England, where, he said, he wanted to be born in the next life - in the United States.He had gone to the small town of Fulton, that in the state of Missouri.Weather in Fulton in early March was rainy and windy.That did not stop the policy a little chat with young people, numbering a little over 2.8 million, speaking March 5, 1946 in the local Westminster College.

«I'm afraid that has not yet come to a final conclusion about the name of the speech, but I think that maybe it is" World Peace. "

letter from Churchill Makklueru, February 14, 1946


former prime minister, speaking only from himself as a private person, and in any case not on behalf of the UK, said, very beautiful, built by all criteriaoratory speech, where among other things sounded the phrase "Iron Curtain".

In short, the essence of his speech was that he openly said, as a matter of course, to be set up by the end of the Second World War, the confrontation of the former Allies: the West and the Soviet Union.

its short and simple speech, in addition to a brief description of the end of the war the existing world order, contained the prediction relationship of the West and the Eastern camp in the long 40 years.In addition, it is in it, he planted the idea of ​​organizing the Western military alliance, later called the NATO and the United States has given a special mission as a regulator and a reducing global status quo.

fair to say that to Mr. Churchill's many political leaders raised the topic of confrontation between the West and gained strength and power of the communist East.Churchill perfectly formulated and announced that prepares and pronounces many years before March 5, 1946.

«The power often goes from hand to hand, than from the head to the head," - Stanislaw Jerzy Lec.

And then there was the life of nations and people - whole generations - living in this confrontation stretching for more than forty years.Confrontation reminiscent of the condition of women in menopause: with the tides, with a nervous and irrational fits of apathetic hassle.

Main stages



1946-1953 - Stalin refused the withdrawal of Soviet troops from Iran, which allowed the Winston Churchill to say that speech that from him long awaited - codenamed "The muscles of the world" or "Iron Curtain."A year later, US President Harry Truman announced the granting of Greek and Turkish military and economic aid.Then the socialist countries of Eastern Europe, at the urging of Stalin refused to participate in the Marshall Plan, that is,the economic assistance provided by the United States to countries affected by war, but in exchange for the exclusion of the Communists from the government.USSR despite the total collapse of the economy accelerated pace developed its military-industrial complex, and the beginning of the 50s he was able to achieve a certain superiority in aircraft: military aircraft began using jet fighters-interceptors, which for some time has changed the situation in favor of the opposition to the Soviet Union.The most critical period between the two warring parties came in the years of the Korean War.

1953 - 1962 - with one hand - forcing the armed confrontation and the threat of nuclear war, antikommunicheskoe uprising in Hungary, anti-Soviet events in Poland and the GDR, the Suez crisis, on the other - Khrushchev thaw somewhat weakened, if not war, then the moral opposition to the warring parties,which helped solve one of the most explosive situations of those years - the crisis in the Caribbean.Personal telephone conversation Khrushchev and Kennedy contributed to a successful resolution of the conflict and subsequently allowed to sign a series of agreements on non-proliferation of nuclear weapons.

«In Lilliput allowed to look at the head of state only through a magnifying glass," - Stanislaw Jerzy Lec.

1962-1979 - on the one hand, the new exhausting for both sides arms race contributed to the development of new technologies, on the other undermine the economies of the opponents.By the end of the 70s, despite the obvious successes in the space industry, the obvious was the fact that the Soviet Union with a commitment to a planned economy is losing market system: in modern equipment and the fighting capacity of the army.

1979 - 1987 - the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan aggravated permanent conflict.NATO countries have set up military bases in the vicinity of the borders of the Warsaw Pact countries, the United States have placed ballistic missiles in Europe and in England.

1987 - 1991 - the period of stagnation in the Soviet Union was replaced by perestroika.Coming to power, Mikhail Gorbachev made sweeping changes in the country and in foreign policy.At the same time, we are introduced to them spontaneous economic reforms have contributed to the early collapse of the USSR, since the middle of his reign economy was completely destroyed.

«When people have no voice, it is felt even by singing the hymn" - Stanislaw Jerzy Lec.

November 9, 1989 - the date of the destruction of the Berlin Wall, was the beginning of the end of the Cold War.Final not have to wait long: the reunification of Germany in 1990 marked the victory of the West in the years of confrontation.December 26, 1991 the Soviet Union ceased to exist.

USSR was defeated on all fronts: economic, ideological, political.This is due to the ideological and socio-cultural stagnation, economic decline, and the scientific and technological degradation.