descended from the Romanovs are Lithuanian (according to other sources - Novgorodian) Ivan Divonovicha, whose son Andrew Mare in the 14th century came to Moscow and created a large family, whose sons became the ancestors of several noble dynasties.At the Romanov family name has a long history: initially the ancestors of the family were called Koshkin-Zakharyin then - Zakharyin, St. George, after Zakharyin-Romanov, and finally just the Romanovs, named Roman Yu, one of the elders of the clan.It took this name in the world, Patriarch Filaret, and Fedor Nikitich Romanov.
Romanov dynasty for two centuries, along with Sheremetev, Sukhov-Kobylin and Yuryev was considered one of the most famous noble families in Russia.Approaching the royal court it was made possible by the marriage of
Ivan the Terrible with one of the representatives of the branches of the Romanov Anastasia Zakharina-Koshkin.
After Ivan's death and ascension to the throne of Boris Godunov for the Romanovs fell on hard times: the new monarch was trying to destroy his competitors in the royal way.Someone families of the men forcibly tonsured as a monk, someone was arrested and exiled.The situation changed with the advent of the False Dmitry First: the young man insisted that he belongs to a noble family of the Romanovs and to prove the veracity of his words commanded to return from places of exile of surviving family members.They were few: Filaret, his wife, Martha, and their children.One of the sons of Filaret (Fyodor) was destined to soon become the first Russian tsar of the Romanov dynasty.
great grand nephew of Ivan the Terrible, a 16-year-old Mikhail Romanov was elected to the throne Zemsky Sobor in 1613.The beginning of his reign to symbolize the end of the Time of Troubles in Russia.Rules of Michael for 33 years and left behind ten children, five of whom had died in infancy.Recipient of the throne was the third son, Alexis, nicknamed quietest.At the time of his reign fell reforms of Patriarch Nikon, the Russian-Polish war and Salt Riot in Moscow.However, the main achievement was Alexei paternity is perhaps the most famous sovereign of the Romanov Peter the Great.
epoch of Peter's reforms changed the period of a palace coup, and then - the coming to power of Catherine II, who married Peter III Romanov.Descendants Catherine Paul Alexander I, Nicholas I, Alexander II, Alexander III and Nicholas II ruled the country alternately to Bolsheviks came to power in 1917.The Romanov dynasty after 300 years on the throne, handed over their positions with the renunciation of the last Russian tsar, Nicholas II.And in 1918 the former Emperor and his family were executed by the Bolsheviks in Yekaterinburg.
- Romanov dynasty