democracy first originated in the Greek polis (city-state) Athens in the classical period of ancient history in the wake of the development of society, culture and the arts.Aristocrats had everything at full power, gradual transition to the demos - the people.Gradually, participation in the government was the duty of all citizens of the policy, in addition to women, slaves, foreigners - Xenia and even immigrants - metics (as it is now would say, those with residence permits).
Contrary to the initial idea, to take part in the voting could not all the citizens of Athens, because, firstly, not all interested in public affairs, and secondly, some havi
Gradually position among the Greek city of Athens was shaken, and with it democracy.In the year 411 BC.e.400 wealthiest Athenian families have all power in Athens under their control.Thus perished Athenian democracy and oligarchy emerged.
Around the same time as the Athenian democracy a form of democratic government there and in Rome.First Roman Republic ruled only patricians - indigenous Romans.Gradually, however, and the plebeians, that is, the Roman commoners have made for themselves the same rights.Just like in Athens, in Rome, have been deprived of the right to vote, women and slaves, but persons officially residing in the territory of Rome, had such a right.
Democratic Roman Republic lasted a lot longer than Athens.Rome passed from the democratic form of government to a monarchical empire just after the murder of Gaius Julius Caesar, in whose honor was renamed the title of supreme ruler of the Empire - Caesar or Caesar.Later, the name of Caesar and was common in the eastern and southern Slavic word king.
on the territory of modern Russia the first (and, in fact, the last until the collapse of the USSR) was a democratic entity Novgorod Republic.However, it was not a democracy in the full sense of the word.The last word in any decision belonged to the prince, although he listened to the opinion of the People's Assembly - Chamber.After the conquest of Novgorod, Moscow any attempt to self brutally suppressed.
- historical survey of the development of democracy