Classification parties on the organizational principle
widely-known classification of the parties, the proposed Duverger.He singled out the human and mass parties.Grassroots Party numerous different composition.They participate in the political, financial and economic life.These parties exist on membership fees and oblige its members to actively participate in the activities of political parties.They conduct extensive education and outreach work.Led parties are professional politicians.As a rule, the social base of the mass parties are the workers.
Staffing Party are expected to participate in their activities of professional politicians.They are funded from private sources and rely on the middle class.Grassroots party achieve their goals because of the size and staff through professional personnel selection.Their job is activated
during the election period.
classification of parties on the basis of social
Each batch is created in a certain social base.According to this principle can distinguish the bourgeois and workers.The first type is focused on representing the interests of the middle class and the business layer.Among the party workers can be identified for workers, agrarian party.Workers Party was a response to nespravdelivo distribution of economic benefits under the capitalist system, opposed the agricultural industrialization process.
Classification of parties in power at the place
Political parties may belong to one of the ruling, or are oppositional.They may be legal or illegal (forbidden).In the place of the party spectrum share right, centrist and leftist parties.Called leftist supporters of radical change.They usually rank communist, socialist and social democratic parties.To rank right liberals and fascists.Most parties are fractions that may not share the official position.
Party may be federal and regional.
Classification parties on ideological orientation
In relation to social transformations distinguish radical and moderate, reformist and revolutionary, progressive and reactionary parties.Radical Party in favor of a radical reorganization of existing orders, including by means of coercive measures.The Conservatives oppose the reforms.
For ideological criteria distinguish liberal, social democratic, communist, religious and other kinds of parties.The religious parties insist on the need for administration of the state in accordance with the tenets of religion.Liberal Party insists on the importance of freedom of economic activities and non-interference in the private life.The Social Democrats have advocated for the establishment of social justice and greater freedom.Communist parties base their ideas on the principles of social equality, public ownership of the means of production.