in troubled times, Russia was hit by a deep internal ailment.Took the name of Prince Dmitry, son of Ivan the Terrible, the impostor False Dmitry I served as a destructive force in the development of the Troubles.The question of whether a person who was hiding under the False Dmitry I, remains to date a mystery, although scientists have made great efforts to solve it.Many historians called the name of the fugitive monk Grigory Otrepiev Chudov monastery, which was a pawn in the game of influential Polish magnates and pursuing personal goals Russian boyars.Political and religious in
terests of Poland and interested in the overthrow of the dynasty Godunov Russian boyars were different, so the "reign" False Dmitry was short, and the Polish troops were expelled from Russia.
in the 1606-1607 biennium.Lzhepetr showed up, fictional son of Tsar Fyodor Ivanovich (the successor of Ivan the Terrible).Homeland Lzhepetra Moore was surnamed He Ilya Gorchakov, had once been "working" man and became the Terek Cossacks.He was hanged along with the peasant leader Bolotnikov.
Soon Starodub surrounded by Polish and Cossack troops reappeared "king Dmitry."Next to the False Dmitry II were also other adventurers, princes-impostors, executed them for fear of competition.False Dmitry II was able to lay siege to Moscow by staging camp in Tushino (for which he received the nickname "Tushino thief").Committed by "men of Tushino" excesses began to cause popular discontent.Deprived of reinforcements Poles impostor retreated from Moscow and soon was killed by his own guards.
young son Marina Mniszek, wife of the False Dmitry I, Ivan considered the last representative of the Troubles impostors.Ivan and Marina Mniszek were executed.In the future, the name of this "prince" was the birth of new pretenders: Lzheivashki I and II.
in the near countries with Russia more than once declared impostors.Among them Lzhesimeon I (called the son, the grandson of Timothy Shumsky Ankudinov), a Pole named Vorobyev son of Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich was among the Zaporozhye Cossacks.These impostors brutally executed in the capital.
People's Movement in Russia can not do without the appearance of impostors.After the overthrow of Peter III, Emperor personality hiding troubled the populace fugitive peasants and soldiers.The appearance of impostors in 18th century Russia is not an accident: it was the result of pent-up among the masses discontent existing order.Don Cossack Emelyan Pugachev that is called Peter III, from 1773 to 1775.He stood at the head of the peasant war, which spread over a vast territory of the Volga region and the Urals.After the arrest of the rebel Pugachev acted detachment headed peasant Evstafiev, too, "Peter III».
The literature describes the "Princess Tarakanov" adventuress, she decided to seize the Russian throne with the help of Pugachev."Daughter" Elizabeth was arrested.
with the name of Constantine, brother of Tsar Nicholas I, the people tied their hopes on the "will."The death of Konstantin Pavlovich has generated among the Ural Cossacks last major pretender, named after the great prince.
mystery of the shooting of the last imperial dynasty in 1918 resulted in the emergence of many impostors claiming to be the heirs of the Romanov family.Son Alex called 11 people, but now only the identity of one of Philip Semenova doubt scientists.Anna Anderson considered herself the youngest daughter of Emperor Anastasius.It is with this pretender linked long investigation, which indicate a lack of conclusive evidence.The most famous impostor, named the third daughter of Nicholas I, Mary, was a respected representative of the Spanish family, who until his death was not reported to belong to the Russian royal family.Only her letter, published in 1982, his grandson, Prince of Anjou, tells about it.Although the credibility of some legends of impostors posing as children of the last Russian Emperor, independent examination proved the genetic affiliation discovered the remains of members of the Romanov family.
- Impostors in the history of Russian
- "Impostors" Romanovs