date of "birth" Pereslavl - 1152.Located in a picturesque area on the shores of Lake Pleshcheeva, full of historical and architectural monuments, the city is part of the Golden Ring of Russia.It is visited annually by thousands of tourists, including those from foreign countries.
Prince Yuri, nicknamed "Dolgoruky" for his insatiable desire to expand ownership and tried at every opportunity to build on the outskirts of the fortified city of the principality, which would serve as the advanced outposts and bases for further conquests.Thus it was founded and Pereslavl.But first, it was called a little differently - Pereyaslavl.The name of the new town was named after the southern Russian town of Pereslavl, founded by one of the ancestors Dolgoruky - Prince Vladimir Svyatoslavich.
Since Yuri Dolgoruky built the city was in an area where thick forests thinned out, giving way to the arable land, his name is often added to clarify the definition - "Zaleski" that is, the city, located behind the forest.Gradually, this double name became official.In the XV century, for some reason, instead of "Peryaslavl" began to use a short form of "Pereslavl".
city is famous for the fact that it was born in 1220, Prince Alexander, went down in Russian history with honorable nickname "Nevsky".Since 1302 the city officially became part of the Moscow principality.In centuries XIII- XIV.He has frequently been the scene of fierce internecine struggle, passed from hand to hand.It was precipitated stormed by exposing strong devastation and Russian princes, and the Mongol-Tatars.And in the era of the Time of Troubles the city was almost completely destroyed by the Polish-Lithuanian invaders.
was in Pereslavl on the shores of Lake Pleshcheeva was actually initiated the glorious history of the Russian Navy.The young King Peter, who just turned 16 years old, started here the construction of so-called "amusing flotilla."The experience gained was very helpful to him later in the construction of this warship large displacement.
Visitors can see 5 monasteries, 9 churches, museum-estate "Boat of Peter I», which demonstrates the small boat "Fortuna", a member of the "amusing flotilla", and several other interesting museums.And next to the excavations of the ancient city is located Kleshchinsky settlement, with well-preserved ramparts of the XII century and the vast blue boulder - worshiped by the pagans.