In the cities of ancient Greece there was a kind of trial by jury, which is often called gelieya.This word comes from the designation of the sun, which sounded like "Helios" - and this coincidence was not accidental.Almost all hearings began at sunrise and ended only in the evening.

Court jury

to the Court gelieya consisted of about 6000 people, all of them elected, subject to certain criteria.As a criterion for the selection of candidates are the following characteristics: age 30 years, some experience, welcomed the male gender.Elected to the court, this community could be several times since the ancient Greeks gained experience and could each time better to conduct hearings.

All the members of the meeting were distributed to
10 wards, who were involved in certain court cases.Particularly important matters could be considered at the same time the three chambers.

Every time depending on the chairman of the court session has changed the name of the meeting and review criteria, that is, if the head of the meeting was polemarch then considered mandatory only military affairs.As we know, in ancient Greece polemarch he served as a military commander, and, for example, the president of the court in charge of religious affairs, called basileus.


general the whole judicial system was definitely traditional and independent of the state, as the members of the judicial meetings to decide all questions and disputes collectively, in a public statement every thought.This judicial system is democratic and effective, because it is not corruptibility of judges.After each meeting, as judges were up to 500 people, and the meeting was headed by the chairman, corruptibility priori rejected.

At the trial the prosecutor argued, and the defendant tried to refute them, and then all members geliei began to vote.If more than half of the judges voted, the case was considered closed by the decision of the majority of the defendant was released from the charges or, on the contrary, be punished.

as punishment served the following measures:
- a prison sentence,
- confiscation of property,
- monetary penalties, but the toughest decision is the death penalty.

worth noting that with the help of court proceedings in ancient Greece and was born the great oratory, because to speak at the meetings had to be clear, sharp and confident that each of the judges believed in the innocence of the accused, or vice versa.