Muses and their origin


Initially, according to Plutarch, the Muses were three.Grinds, and Mnemonic Aoide.The first born of the movement of water, the second - the air, and the third from the sounds of the human voice.Over time, it increased the number of music in the classical tradition, they became nine, and they were considered daughters of Mnemosyne, goddess of memory, and Zeus.Also in the literature can be found legends that have become muses nymphs sources occurring on Mount Helicon.They were reborn after the ground near them hit hoof winged horse Pegasus. Mnemosyne - the daughter of the Titans Gaia and Uranus.

music was considered the patron god Apollo, which is in honor of this is sometimes referred to Musaget, which in Greek means "the driver of the Muses."

Calliope (Calliope)



Calliope - the muse of epic poetry.Her name means "prekrasnogolosaya."This muse portrayed with wax tablet and stylus - stick to the letter.Calliope was the mother of the famous genius musician and singer - Orpheus and was considered the most important muse.

Clio (Clio)



Clio - the muse of history, can be found on a scroll in his hands.She gave the Greeks the Phoenician alphabet and came up with the genre of heroic and historical poetry. Clio named in honor of one of the craters on Venus.

Erato (Erato)



Muse erotic poetry Erato name, which means "passionate".She is considered the goddess patronizing memes as well as parrots and crows.

Euterpe (Euterpe)



Euterpe - muse of lyric poetry - is recognized by the flute in his hands.Her name means "the one that is happy."Euterpe - the most fun of the music, she patronizes flutist.

Polyhymnia (Polyhymnia)



Polyhymnia - the muse of dark and lovely, responsible for the eloquence and the sacred hymns.Most often depict her as a serious and thoughtful woman, sometimes with the index finger swipe to his mouth.

Melpomene (Melpomene)



Patron Saint of the tragedy is the muse Melpomene, her character mask depicting grief.Melpomene often wearing buskins - special shoes worn by the actors, who played in the Greek tragedies.

Terpsichore (Terpsichore)



one that rejoices in the dance - so translates the name of the muse of dance and choral singing Terpsichore.This goddess gave birth to the sweet siren.She is depicted with a lyre in his hands.

Thalia (Thalia)



Thalia - muse of comedy and bucolic patroness of poetry.She portrayed a comic mask or a shepherd's staff.The name of the muse means "blooming".

Urania (Urania)



patroness of astronomy and astrology is the muse Urania.She is depicted with a compass in one hand and a globe in the other.