In those days, Lydia was lying at the intersection of many roads.Through its territory passes all trade routes to the Orient and ancient Greece.It is here that there is an urgent need to simplify trade transactions.And this is a serious obstacle heavy ingots which served as money supply.Inventive Lydians first guess to produce metal coins of electrum, which is a natural alloy of gold and silver.Small pieces of metal shaped like beans, began to flatten, causing the surface of the sign in their city.These symbolic pieces of metal began to use as a bargaining chip.The name of the first Lydian coins received in honor of the Lydian king Krёza, which, according to legend, had boundless wealth.So the world saw krёzeidy - the first metal coins with the image.
After several decades the rulers of the Greek city of Aegina started to mint their own coins.Outwardly, they were nothing like the Lydian krёzeidy and cast from pure silver.Therefore, historians argue that metal coins in Aegina were invented independently, but a little later.Coins of Aegina and Lydia quickly began to travel throughout the whole of Greece, fled to Iran, and then there were the Romans, in the end won many barbarian tribes.
Gradually, the market entered the coins of many cities, which differed from each other in weight, appearance and cost.Minted coins of one city could cost several times more expensive than the other coins because it could be poured out of pure gold, and not from the alloy.This coin with the image or logo were valued much higher, becausewere clean metal and full-bodied.Stamp mint minted money enjoyed unshakable authority among all residents.
on the territory of ancient Greece, in ancient times was located several cities of Corinth, Athens, Sparta, Syracuse, and each of them had its own mint to mint their own coins.They were of different shapes, they applied various patterns and stigma, but more often it was the images of sacred animals or gods, who is revered in the city where the coin was minted.
For example, in Syracuse was depicted on coins Apollo god of poetry, and the coins of Corinth hovered winged Pegasus.