Fundamental science (in the general sense) - is the science of describing the world by means of theoretical and experimental investigations of scientific phenomena.Since ancient times, scientists are interested in the occurrence of natural phenomena like thunder, lightning, and others. This has given rise to physics as a science, requiring scientific evidence and experiments.Physics is based on facts, evidence and require experienced Writes mathematically.Nowadays physics is divided into 3 sections: the macroscopic physics, the microscopic physics and combined with other sciences.
macroscopic physics include: mechanics, which studies the mechanical motion of material bodies, and what is happening with the interaction;thermodynamics, which studies the properties of macroscopic systems in a stat
e of thermal equilibrium;optics, which studies the laws of light and electromagnetic waves;electrodynamics to explain the nature and properties of electromagnetic fields.
microscopic physics includes nuclear, statistical, quantum physics, nuclear physics, and condensed matter physics and elementary particles.Atomic physics studies the atoms, their structure, properties and processes at the atomic level.Statistical physics devoted to the study of systems with an infinite number of degrees of freedom.
Home quantum physics gave the laws of quantum mechanics and quantum field theory, which allows to study the properties of quantum mechanical and quantum-field systems.Nuclear physics - the science that studies nuclear reactions, structure and properties of atomic nuclei.Condensed matter physics studies the behavior of systems with high degrees of freedom and a strong bond.Elementary particle physics, or subnuclear physics, devoted to elementary particles, their properties and interactions.
Physics can also close contact with other sciences, such as geology, mathematics, biology, chemistry and others. Also there Astrophysics, which developed at the intersection of physics and astronomy, which studies the physical phenomena of celestial objects;computational physics, mathematical physics solves the problem;biophysics, devoted to physical processes in biological systems;Geophysics studies the structure of the Earth by natural means, and many other industries.
All these areas make up physics, making it the fundamental science of nature and phenomena, without which today can not do.On the laws of physics we built our entire world, developing appliances and electronics, to build the city.