main reason and purpose of the creation of the Big Hadron Collider
She is to find ways of combining two fundamental theories - general relativity (the gravitational interaction) and CM (standard model that combines three of the fundamental physical interactions - electromagnetic, strong and weak).Finding a solution to the creation of the LHC prevented difficulties in creating a theory of quantum gravity.
construction of this hypothesis includes the connection of two physical theories - quantum mechanics and general relativity.
For this purpose have been used several popular and necessary approaches in modern physics - string theory, brane theory, the theory of supergravity and the theory of quantum gravity.B
efore the construction of the Collider the main problem of the necessary experiments was the lack of energy that can not be achieved in other advanced particle accelerators.
Geneva LHC gave scientists the opportunity to conduct experiments previously unrealizable.It is believed that in the near future with the help of the device will be confirmed or refuted by many physical theory.One of the most problematic is supersymmetry or string theory, which has long shared the physics community into two camps - "strunschikov" and their opponents.
Other fundamental experiments carried out in the framework of the LHC
interesting and research scientists in the field of top quarks, which are the heaviest quarks and heaviest (173,1 ± 1,3 GeV / c²) of all currently knowntime elementary particles.
Because of this property, and to the creation of the LHC, scientists were able to observe quarks only on the accelerator "Tevatron", as the other devices simply did not have enough power and energy.In turn, the theory of quarks is an important element of the sensational hypothesis of the Higgs boson.
all scientific research on the creation and study of the properties of quarks, scientists produce the top quark-antiquark vapor in the tank.
An important objective of the project is the Geneva process of studying the mechanism of electroweak symmetry breaking, which is also associated with the experimental proof of the existence of the Higgs boson.If we denote the problems more precisely, the object of study is not so much boson as predicted by Peter Higgs mechanism of electroweak symmetry breaking interaction.
Within the LHC also conducted experiments to search for supersymmetry - and the desired result will be the proof of the theory that every elementary particle is always accompanied by a heavier partner, and its refutation.