first capital of Brazil
Throughout its history, Brazil twice changed the capital.In 1549, after the formation of the Portuguese colonies in South America, it has become the capital city of El Salvador.He was not only the center of government, but also an important trading port.Through it passed the export and import of sugar produced from imported African slaves, so economically prosperous region.
In 1763, Brazil became the new capital of Rio de Janeiro, located to the south of El Salvador.This was due to the discovery of natural deposits of gold and capital inflows in the south-east of the country.Since then the city rapidly developed as an important industrial and commercial center.
important reasons for the founding of a new capital
However, the economic benefits are not the only criteria, which should correspond to the capital.Located on the coast of Rio de Janeiro was vulnerable to maritime attacks, which could not only devastate the city, but also being there to stop the work of the government.Officials considered appropriate transfer of capital in the internal regions of the state, to eliminate potential hazards.
second major reason for the decision on the new capital was to give an opportunity to develop the central regions of the country.While the majority of the Brazilian population and economic resources have been concentrated along the coast, in the province empty vast areas of land.Accommodation in the center of the capital would give impetus to the movement of finance, migration, industrial development and construction of roads linking the various regions of the country.
Stages of construction of Brasilia
internal capital construction plan conceived in 1823, statesman, Jose Bonifacio, advisor to Emperor Pedro I. He even gave the name of the future of the city - Brazil.Bonifacio presented his plan to the General Assembly of Brazil, but at the time the bill was not passed.
In 1891 came the first Brazilian Constitution, which was officially determined that close to the center will be built a new capital, and in 1894 for her reserved land.Construction of the city began in 1956 and lasted only 41 months thanks to the all-day work of a large number of workers who came from all over Brazil.
April 21, 1960 the capital officially moved from Rio de Janeiro to Brasilia.Seen from above, the city resembles the shape of a flying bird or a plane.According to the construction plan, the plane body form a government and administrative buildings, and residential and commercial areas - the wings.
was originally planned that the city will be public authorities and staff.However, many of the workers who came did not want to go home to see the new location opportunities for a better life.They could not settle in the homes that are built outside of the city so quickly grew villages, has evolved into satellite cities of Brasilia.An integral part of the region was agriculture and animal husbandry.
Today the Brazilian population has more than 2.5 million inhabitants.As the world's first capital, built according to modern standards of urban planning, Brasilia is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.