Tip 1: Social stratification as a sociological aspect

Social stratification - the subject matter of sociologists, political scientists and some social psychologists and specialists in the field of management and marketing.Social stratification as a sociological aspect reveals the causes and the internal mechanisms of social and economic differences between the individual groups.
the basis of social stratification as a sociological aspect is the division of society into social groups in the horizontal hierarchy based on several criteria: income inequality, the volume of government, education, and reached a prescribed status, professional prestige, authority, and others.From this perspective, social stratification is a special case of social differentiation.

main parameters of social stratification as the sociological aspects of the experts call the openness of the social system and the key measure of social stratification - the power, prestige, social status and economic status.Considered open society in which you can change the status obtained at birth,
by social mobility.Closing recognized society, where it is forbidden to change the prescribed social and economic status, such as the caste system of India until 1900.

Among the systems of social stratification are four: slavery, clans, castes and classes.Sometimes considered as a separate system of gender inequality which exists also within each of the four systems.Sociologists agree that civilization at the present stage is a class system of three levels - upper class, middle and lower, and the identification of the social classes in three ways - the objective, subjective and reputation (the method of self-esteem).

basic concepts of social stratification as the sociological aspects of social mobility are prescribed and achieved status, class, inequality and deprivation.

Many observable symptoms of social stratification based on the unspoken social contract roots in archetypes rituals of power and subordination.It is human nature to exercise increased attentiveness and respect in dealing with others, if they surpass it in economic or professional competence, even if this view is mistaken, and high status is proving to be imaginary.Some manage to significantly increase the originally prescribed status precisely because of the ability to "properly apply themselves," to create the image of a socially and economically successful person in order to secure the location really successful people.

Within the framework of social stratification as a case study the two main aspects of the theory of social inequality - functionalist and Conflict Management.The first is based on a conservative tradition and argues that social inequality is necessary for the successful implementation of the basic functions of any society.The second is a radical direction and calls social inequality tool operation.

Tip 2: What is the social stratification

Stratification - is always a hierarchy, division of society.In this case - on the principle of the division of social belonging.There are many social layers, or strata.
What is social stratification



Strata - unit of division in the stratification.Since the very concept came from geology, the stratum - a stratum layer, not in the ground, and in the community.All the people in one way or another, belong to different social groups.They can distinguish an infinite number, if we take the basis of different principles of division.

For example, you can select strata depending on the age, material wealth, ownership of property.Professional musician, amateur musician, a listener - will also be a kind of layers.In different historical periods, in different states such division could play a significant role in the lives of all people.So, India was caste in Russia - class, at a later period - classes.Belonging to one or another group could determine the person's life, from birth to death.In India, the same transition from one caste to another was impossible.In Russia, with great difficulty and luck you can "climb" up the social ladder.But the rise of the wealthy merchant class in the peasantry, the petty bourgeoisie class was the only real closer to the XX century.

But now the stratification plays an important role in the social life of almost all people.Despite the proclamation of democratic principles, universal equality, in practice it appears that regard, financial situation, some of the activities allow to obtain certain privileges.And the society one way or another is divided into layers, lined up in the hierarchy.In general terms, it looks like the division between the elite and the masses.Ieat the bottom of the social ladder are, for example, ordinary workers, higher - officials who can influence them, are even higher - the ruling elite of the city, region, country, etc.

division into layers can be carried out and "horizontal", for example, by occupation.The well-known musician and a famous athlete can stand on the same rung of the "vertical" hierarchy, but they, of course, belong to different social groups.


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