In the days of Ancient Russia of its inhabitants spoke various dialects of Eastern Slavic, very different from modern norms of the Russian language.Then, after the baptism of Rus at the end of the X century, a great influence on spoken language started to put the so-called Church Slavonic language used in worship.For a long time it was used as the official written language.The first monument of Old Russian literature written in Church Slavonic, Novgorod Codex is considered to be related to the beginning of the XI century.
inhabitants of ancient Russia took over the many words of the peoples with whom they had contact - for example, the Greeks (Byzantines), who brought Christianity nom
adic people of Turkic origin, as well as the Scandinavians (Vikings).
gradually on the territory of ancient kingdoms began to take shape two major dialect groups: northern and southern dialects.They feature some unique features.For example, the northern dialect remarkable "Ocaña," and to the south - "Akane."An intermediate option between the major groups were Central Russian dialects.It belonged to Srednerussky dialects Moscow.
As soon as Moscow became the center of Russian lands, the Moscow dialect is becoming more widespread, displacing other dialects.After getting rid of the Mongol-Tatar yoke, and especially after the adoption of the Moscow grand dukes royal title, he was regarded as the official state language.In the XVI-XVII centuries.Russian language added many new words, Latin, Polish and German origin.
In the era of Peter the Great was a reform of the Russian language, which had the aim of making it easier and more affordable for training.In addition, at the same time the language was enriched with many new words that came from the Netherlands, Germany and France.And when Catherine II at the end of the XVIII century in the Russian alphabet has entered a new letter "E".
After the October Revolution of 1917 formed the final version of the Russian alphabet consists of 33 letters.In addition, as a result of the rapid development of mass media, mass literacy and a large-scale migration official Russian language almost completely ousted from the treatment of numerous dialects.