Bequest of honor to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize should be a person who has made "the most significant contribution" to the abolition of slavery, the case of the United Nations, "promotion of peace congresses" and reduce the number of the world's armies.

Nobel Committee, located in Oslo, awards the prize, choosing of the winner from among the nominees proposed by the members of the committee - current and former, national governments, International Court of Arbitration in The Hague, Institute of International Law, the other winners of the Peace Prize, professors of reputable universities.The selection is made more than a year, with a potential winner of the award is to be ignorant of their status, and information about the candidates for the award w
ere not disclosed even half a century.

Special nomination

Nobel Peace Prize - the only award contender for the receipt of which can be not only a person, but also a public organization.

maximum number of awards to date, awarded to one winner, issued in the "Peace Prize" - to achieve the International Committee of the Red Cross were marked by three.

greatest number of female laureates is presented in peacekeeping and legal activities.

fifteen times Peace Prize remained not awarded any of the nominees, because the Nobel committee did not see among them a truly worthy candidates.

Peace Prize Laureates

first award in this category in 1901 was divided between just two figure.First - Henry Dunant - philanthropist, the actual founder of the International Committee of the Red Cross, speaking against slavery, to defend the rights of prisoners of war - "for his contribution to peaceful cooperation of nations."Second - Frederic Passy - scientist and political economist, acting against any armed conflict because of their economic inefficiency, calling for the resolution of international conflicts through arbitration - "for long-term peace-making efforts."

Nobel Peace Prize over the years received the Martin Luther King, Andrei Sakharov, Mother Teresa, Henry Kissinger, the Dalai Lama, Mikhail Gorbachev, Nelson Mandela, Kofi Annan, Yasser Arafat, Jimmy Carter, Al Gore, Barack Obama.Among the organizations whose work was awarded this award, including UNICEF, IAEA, Doctors Without Borders, the UN peacekeeping force, the EU, the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons.