Guide
1
particles attach to the statements of different modalities and emotional connotations (denial, gain, confusion, admiration, restriction, and so on.).They never change and are not members of the proposal.As the value and role of the particles in the statement can be divided into three categories: formative, negative and modal (or subjective-modal).
2
Massing particles are used to form the verb morphology (conditional, subjunctive and imperative).This particle "would", "empty", "let", "to" and "-te", which is merged with the letter verb.For example, "go to", "let (let) will", "let us go";"He would have been my friend," "let's sing," "so it was quiet."Note that th
e particle "to (b)" may be not after, but before the verb to which: "I'd learned to draw", "I would have done better."
3
Negative particles are considered "no" and "no."They should be distinguished from the homonymous prefixes, which are written with the words together.The particle "no" gives the suggestion of specific words or a negative value, but sometimes (when double negation) brings positive meaning.For example, in the sentence "Do not visit this" particle "not" doing everything negative statement.And in the sentence "He could not help the" double negative "no - no" takes on a positive value.
4
Modal or subjective-modal particle is made to the offer different shades of meaning, and are used to express feelings and attitudes of the speaker.
5
particles that serve to make an offer in shades of meaning, are divided into four groups: the question ("a", "if", "perhaps", "do");index ("here", "there");clarifying ("name", "just") and restrictive ("only", "only", "exclusive", "almost").
6
particles expressing feelings, also divided into four groups: exclamation ("what for", "how");amplification ("the", "even", "no", "after", "alone", "all"), indicating the question ("unlikely", "almost") and smyagchitelnye ("Spoken").
7
should distinguish between particles and their homonymous other parts of speech.For example, the union "to" of the pronoun "that" the particle "to": "We went into the woods to take a breath of fresh air" and "What would you wish for?".By the Union "that" can be added within the meaning of the phrase "in order."The particle "be" with a pronoun written separately, it can be removed without loss of meaning rearranged in another place: "What would you wish for?" Or "What would you want to?".
8
the same way you can distinguish between unions "have", "well" and the particle "as" standing after the pronoun "it" and the adverb "so".For example, in the sentence "The same as yesterday," particle "as" written separately from the demonstrative pronoun "it."It can be omitted, and the meaning of the sentence will not change: "The fact that yesterday."Unions "have" and "also" written together and close in meaning the word "and."For example, in the sentence "He, too, came to" Union "also" can be replaced with: "And he came."
9
is necessary to distinguish the particle "no" and "no" with the homonymous prefixes, which are always part of the word and are written together: "Do not come," but "unfriendly";"No home", but "no."