In our language, the words of others can be transmitted in several ways.For this purpose, most commonly used direct and indirect speech.Keeping the essence of these syntax differently expressed content pronounced and formalized in writing.
When transmitting thoughts via direct speech retains all the features of saying: remain the same content is stored in speech intonation, which is on the letter shows the need for punctuation marks.This is the most accurate method of transmitting hearsay.
indirect speech, as a rule,
contains the basic essence of the thoughts of others, reportedly not on behalf of the author, and speaker's intonation without saving features.In a written speech issued without the quotes in the form of a complex sentence.
Replacing direct speech to indirect, observe the basic rules for constructing sentences, just to use the form of individual words.Proposals with another speech are two parts: the author and the transmitted speech.The proposals with direct speech to the author unstable place: front, middle, or after the statement.Indirect usually takes the position after the author's words and a subordinate clause.In order to properly cope with the task of replacing the similar syntax, act according to a certain order.
First, determine the boundaries of parts of the sentence with direct speech.The words of the author's sentence indirect speech is almost always remain unchanged, they will represent the main part of a complex sentence.
further note on the form of the target utterance proposal, which is part of direct speech (it will be subordinate).If before you declarative sentence, the means of communication with the main unions are the "what", "if".For example, "Eyewitnesses claimed that (if) the accident occurred due to the fault of the pedestrian."Union "to" is used to transfer the contents of incentive offers.The particle "if", the pronoun "who", "what", "how" and others., The adverb "when", "why", "where", express the indirect question.
Making the change, watch carefully for relevant personal and possessive pronouns, verbs face: they are used to the position of the person who sends them, and not on behalf of the speaker.If the direct speech was a part of treatment, conveys the emotions particles or interjections, then they need to be omitted.
Consider replacing various examples of direct speech to indirect:
• Grandmother granddaughter asked: "Bring me some points."- Grandmother granddaughter asked her to bring her glasses.
• The taxi driver said confidently: "I whisk you to the airport in ten minutes."- The taxi driver said confidently that whisk us to the airport in ten minutes.
• «Come for consultation in the second half of the day," - he told us the teacher of mathematics.- Math teacher told us that we came for consultation in the afternoon.
• Marina asked the girlfriend: "Lena, you're going to the theater tomorrow?" - Marina asked Lena if she was going to the theater tomorrow.