Nowhere in the world there are so many large herbivores, like in the African savannah.Huge herds of hoofed animals - zebras, gazelles, antelopes, buffalo - roam constantly from place to place "after the rain", in huge quantities by eating and trampling herbaceous vegetation.A large number of herbivores and their permanent and seasonal migration contribute to the preservation of the typical "park" type of the African savannah.
largest inhabitant of
the savannah is the African elephant.His height reaches 4 m and a weight of tens of tons.As herbivores, the elephant is perfectly adapted to life in a shroud.Trunk allows it to reach the upper branches of plants, inaccessible to other herbivores, and acts as a pump during watering and bathing.
Another typical representative of the savannah - giraffe is the tallest animal on the planet.Giraffe - hoofed herbivore that lives only Africa.His height is 6 m and weighs nearly a ton tone.Despite its very substantial size and weight giraffe capable of speeds up to 60 km / h.But usually it is unhurried, runs only when there is danger.
black and white rhino - typical representatives of the African savannah.At the present time it is rare.The number of rhinos was strongly reduced due to the shooting of poachers.
always accompany herds of herbivores predators.It is home to two species of lions - Berber and Senegalese.First - north of the equator, the second - to the south.Another representative of the predators - the cheetah - the fastest animal planet.In the prosecution of the cheetah is capable of speeds up to 110 km / h.In addition to lions and cheetahs here is pretty and other predators - cats spray or servals, hyenas, jackals, bat-eared fox.
in the African savannah inhabited by many birds.A significant part of the birds are migratory, and occasionally are here as a result of their annual migrations.Aboriginal representative savannah - African ostrich - the largest representative of all living birds.The ostrich is a bird not to fly.His height is 250 cm and weight of 150 kg.When running it develops a speed of 70 km / h, and can not slowing dramatically change the direction of running.
numerous small birds - bustard, plovers, larks, grouse, skating, starlings, fanciscanus, doves, pigeons, kingfishers, hornbills, etc.In the treetops of rain stork nests.Quite a lot of birds of prey - buzzards, bird secretary, Black Wing vulture, eagle-buffoon, African kestrel, short-eared owl, five species of vultures, arriving from Europe for the winter.There are also scavengers, typified by the marabou stork and African vultures.The latter operate in a shroud role of nurses as feed exclusively on carrion.
interesting klyuvokai - small, olive-brown bird krasnoklyuvye, always accompanied by large herbivores - buffalo, elephants, rhinos.These birds feed on ticks and other parasites, climbs into the folds of the skin of large animals.
In the dry season many birds nest on the sandbanks, and steep banks of lakes and rivers - lapwings, cutwater, sandpipers, terns, ibises, yakany, ducks, geese, cormorants, herons, pelicans.In most of the common pink flamingos.
largest representatives of living here is a crocodile and reptile predatory Nile Monitor, reaching a length of 2 m.The most impressive representative of the reptiles - Python sebae reaching a six-meter lengths.
One of the characteristic features of the landscape of African savannah are termites because termites are presented dozens of species.They - the main consumers of all plant residues.Remembering the termites can not remember another inhabitant of the African savannah.Anteater or aardvark - an animal of medium size, has an elongated snout and powerful claws that allow it to dig out termites.Aardvark eats ants and termites.