vocabulary of a language, the variety of meanings of words and their origin, the possibility of use and compatibility studies between a branch of linguistics such as lexicology.In lexicology established rules of use of words, depending on the context, the speech situation, other factors, which are called lexical rules.Violation of these rules and will be a lexical error.

Accepted provide several types of lexical errors.

Violation Collocations

Some Russian words are part of the stable combinations or idioms.Violation of integrity, use another word instead of the usual lexical error will be: "Reading popular science literature enriches horizons."The proposal idiomatic expression "to ex
pand the horizons" is replaced by another that is wrong.

Sometimes the speaker or writer uses words, the opposite of the color of their valuation or incompatible meaningfully: "scary beautiful."This combination looks ridiculous and would be considered a lexical error.But there is also a literary device, based on a combination of unrelated words - an oxymoron, for example, "the living dead", and should be distinguished from one another.

Skipping word

times in the speech, most often verbally going missing words in a sentence, resulting in distorted sense of the phrase, "Her voice, like her mother's, was characterized by a certain melodiousness and slow."This phrase is omitted the word "speech" before the noun "mother", by which the total meaning of the phrase becomes very clear.


verbosity can manifest itself in meaningless repetition compulsion of the same words in each successive phrase: "I love the summer.In the summer the weather is hot.Summer days are perfect for relaxing.The best place for your summer vacation - river or lake. "Errors of this kind are more common in the speech of people with a poor vocabulary.

Another form of verbosity is a tautology.A classic example of this kind is the phrase "oil oil", but there are phrases recognize a tautology which can only be sufficiently erudite man.So the phrase "price list" is very common.Nevertheless, it is wrong with the lexical point of view, becausethe word "price list" means "price list" and then the word "price" in this phrase is repeated.

erroneous use of words because of the lack of understanding of their values ​​

This error occurs quite often in the use of borrowed words, if people do not know the exact values: "We found a whole galaxy of scams" - the wrong use of the word "galaxy" denotinga number of prominent personalities.

may also be incorrect eating turns of phrase, if the value of the speaker does not understand or misinterpreted "Gritting his heart, he agreed" - the expression "creaking heart" instead mistakenly eating sustainable phrase "reluctantly."

to this type of lexical errors include incorrect use paronyms - words with similar sounds and spelling but different in meaning: "Alexandria pillar" - the word "column" should be replaced by the noun "pillar."

Stylistically incorrect use of words

This type of error is the use in a sentence of one style of individual words inherent to another, for example, colloquial expressions and jargon in the neutral literary speech "on the cover of glossy magazines generally fall pictures are very cool girls" -slang "cool" in this context is better replaced by neutral in terms of stylistic coloring of the word "beautiful and famous."

This group can be attributed to the use of words-parasites that disturb the overall structure of the sentence: "I, like, wrote an essay, but it is, as it were, at home there."