Black Sea The Black Sea is quite calm coastline, some exceptions are just north of its territory.The Crimean peninsula is quite crashes into the sea in its northern part.It is the only large peninsula on the Black Sea.In the northern and northwestern parts of estuaries are.Islands in the sea almost none.The coastline to the west and north-west of precipitous, low-lying, just to the west are mountainous areas.Eastern and southern side of the sea surrounded by the Caucasian and Pontic mountains.In the Black Sea flows into many rivers, most of them medium-sized, there are three major rivers: the Danube, Dnieper, Dniester.

history of the Black Sea

Development of the Black Sea began in ancient times.Even in ancient times the sea ha

s been extended shipping, primarily for commercial purposes.There is information that the Novgorod and Kiev merchants sailed across the Black Sea to Constantinople.In the XVII century, Peter the Great sent an expedition aboard the "fortress" in order to conduct research and mapping work on the results of the expedition was to get a map of the coast of Kerch to Constantinople, and the soundings.In XVIII-XIX centuries it was a study of fauna and waters of the Black Sea.At the end of the XIX century it was organized and glubinomernye oceanographic expedition, at that time already had a map of the Black Sea, as well as description and satin.

In 1871 in Sevastopol Biological Station was founded, which today has evolved into the Institute of Biology of the Southern Seas.The station conducts research and study of the Black Sea fauna.Hydrogen sulfide in the deep layers of the Black Sea was discovered in the late XIX century.At a later time, a chemist from Russia NDZelinsky explained why.After the revolution in 1919 in Kerch appears Ichthyological station for the study of the Black Sea.Later it turned into Azov-Black Sea Institute of Fisheries and Oceanography, today this place is called the Southern Research Institute of Fisheries and Oceanography.In the Crimea in 1929 also opens Hydrophysical station, which is now assigned to the Sevastopol Marine hydrophysical institute of Ukraine.To date, the Russian premier organization involved in research of the Black Sea, is the Southern Branch of the Institute of Oceanology, Russian Academy of Sciences, which is located in Gelendzhik, at the Blue Bay.

Tourism on the Black Sea

on the Black Sea coast is very developed tourism.Almost all of the Black Sea is surrounded by tourist cities and towns-resorts.Also, the Black Sea has a military and strategic importance.The Russian fleet based in Sevastopol and Novorossiysk and Turkish Samsun and Sinop.

use of the Black Sea

waters of the Black Sea is today one of the most important transport routes in the Eurasian area.A large percentage of all the goods transported falls on oil products exported from Russia.The limiting factor for the increase in these volumes is the bandwidth channels of Bosporus and Dardanelles.At the bottom of the sea prohodbt gas pipeline "Blue Stream", which should be from Russia to Turkey.The total length of the pipeline, attributable to the marine area, is 396 km.In addition to oil and oil products on the Black Sea are transported odes and other products.Most of the imported goods to Russia and Ukraine related to consumer goods and foods.The Black Sea is one of the points of the international transport corridor TRACECA (Transport Corridor Europe - Caucasus - Asia, Europe - Caucasus - Asia).There are also passenger transport, but a relatively small volume.

passes through the Black Sea, and also a major river waterway, which connects the Black Sea to the Caspian, Baltic and White seas.It runs across the Volga River and the Volga-Don canal.The Danube connects with the North Sea through a number of channels.