origin and development of human science is studying anthropology (Gk. Logos - teaching idea), which arose at the turn of XVIII-XIX centuries.Questions appearance of man and his role in nature was discussed, scientists of the ancient world.Thus, Aristotle recognized that the ancestors of humans are just animals.Later Claudius Galen also noticed similarities in the structure of the human body and the body zhivotnyh.Karl Linnaeus in his reasoning went further.In 1735 he wrote the book "System of Nature", which identified the genus of people in the category of "Homo sapiensĀ» (Homo Sapiens).According to Linnaeus, the man belongs to the order of primates, along with monkeys.In
his work "The relatives of a man" (1760) Linnaeus emphasized the similarity of human and obezyan.Frantsuzsky scientist Jean-Baptiste Lamarck thought that man evolved from apes in particular, as a transitional moment was the bipedalism.In 1809 Lamarck published his "Philosophy of Zoology".The development of speech, according to Lamarck, served as a gregarious lifestyle lyudey.Sovremennye scientific predstavleniyaShodnye primitive features in the structure and functioning of the human body and the bodies of animals have scientific confirmation.Evidence base are the data of comparative anatomy and embryology.Man inherent features of the type of Chordates and Vertebrates subtype.Fetal skeleton of a man in the early stages of its development represented a chord, the neural tube is located on the dorsal side of the body symmetrically.The further development of the notochord is replaced spine, skull formation, the five parts of the brain.Formed skeleton limbs, on the ventral side is serdtse.Chelovek has the features of the class of mammals: the division of the spine into five departments, the scalp, the presence of sweat and sebaceous glands.Live birth, the presence of the diaphragm, mammary glands, warm-blooded, four-chambered heart.From the subclass Placental man got gestation inside the mother's body, feeding the embryo through the placenta.Finally, the main features include primates such as grasping limbs, the replacement of milk teeth to permanent, the presence of nails and dr.Itak systematic position of man: the animal kingdom - subkingdom multicellular - the type of Chordates - Vertebrates subtype (Cranial) - Mammals class - subclass Placental -primates - Primates suborder - Family People (hominids) - kind of man (Homo) - kind of Homo sapiens (Homo sapiens) - subspecies of a reasonable person, double (Homo sapiens sapiens) characterized by a person of true bipedalism animals, the presence of consciousness and abstract thinking, consciousspeech, the ability to store and transfer the accumulated knowledge.