Tip 1: How to grow crystals

Perhaps the most interesting lessons were held in the school of physics and chemistry, which demonstrated various experiments.This guide will not only allow you to refresh the basic knowledge of these subjects, but also in the home grow beautiful crystals .Of them will receive a great souvenir.
you need
  • - salt,
  • - water,
  • - glass,
  • - thread,
  • - a sheet of paper.
Guide
1
Remember that crystal growth - a lengthy process.Please be patient and determine which date you would like to obtain a crystal.On average, it will take two to three weeks.
2
Decide from which substances you grow a crystal.Suitable high salt (including salt bath) and even sugar.Salt crystals grow better, are more durable and different color, so it is about them and will be discussed further.So, out of the ordinary table salt you get white, transparent crystals , of copper sulfate - blue-gray, copper - red.Do not use the different artificial colors - they slow down the reaction by changing the color of the so
lution, but not the crystal itself.
3
In the first phase of your experiment, you should get a saturated solution of edible salt (NaCl).To do this sufficiently warm water (approx. 60 ┬░ C) must pour salt and stir thoroughly.It is advisable to use distilled water (if you grow copper sulphate - required).When the salt will dissolve and cease to precipitate, thus achieved the desired concentration.100 g of water takes an average of 35-40 g of salt.Strain the solution to get rid of waste and excess salt.
4
Take the germ (seed), ie,a large crystal of the salt you use.Put it on the bottom of the glass with a saturated solution or fix on a string and drop into the solution.Embryos can take a few.
5
your container wrapped in something warm to the solution to cool slowly, and cover with a sheet of paper, so that the water does not leak dust.Then it begins the second longest stage of crystal growth - expectation.
6
If you did everything correctly, in 3-4 days the embryo has dissolved and starts to grow slowly.As the water evaporates, the crystal will grow in size.Monitor the level of the liquid.If necessary, once a week or two top up with fresh solution.The growing embryo better once again not to get out of the solution.If all of these rules after a while you get a beautiful crystal, which will be an unusual decoration for your home or a wonderful gift for your friends.

Tip 2: How to insert a crystal

crystals fix stones in jewelry in different ways.Methods depend on the form and insert the goals that want to achieve a jeweler.If you insert and fix the stone properly, you can lose it or constantly cling to them for clothes.Quality work allows you to see the crystal with the best hand.
How to insert the crystal
you need
  • - stone;
  • - jewelry;
  • - goldsmith tools.
Guide
1
Select a frame, which is called "deaf castes."Crystal is located in a recess with a flat bottom, its walls densely cover and firmly hold the insert.Stones, suitable for such a tie, have a flat bottom.As well as putting lighted only from above, take the opaque stones - turquoise, jasper, coral and others.If the crystal is transparent, to enhance its luster is necessary to put a polished foil.
2
In order to have the stone, located in the jewel without support from below, you will need to "half-deaf" tack.Crystal kept by the side parts - the girdle, which is inserted into the slots of the product.
3
to secure clear stones good "tipping" or "tsargovy" castes, insertion and provide lighting from below and from above.Crystal is located on a support girdle or shelf.Headband insert circumferentially embraces and holds it.
4
Look at foot-clamps that hold the crystals in the "krapanovom" caste.Krapanj-tabs can be any number, to secure the stone and show its beauty.Insert is on elegant shelf and all illuminated.But the legs can break off if caught on something.
5
┬źKarmezinovy" castes is used when mounting a large crystal in the center and around the small stones are mounted in the form of a wreath.
6
of metal, which is located around the stone inserts, made little bars - corner."Kornerovy" castes used when all the product you need to strew small crystals.
7
To consolidate a large number of small inserts that form a single image, which is not visible through the metal, use a tack "Pava".Jewelry turns completely paved with stones.The metal drilled small holes that the crystals were in place.Insertion neatly inserted into the hole, and a master jeweler makes tiny spatter between them.Each holds an influx of several neighboring crystals.
8
for pearls and other stones round and complicated forms of use "adhesive" tack.Make a spherical cup with a threaded pin on him and put the box with the bore hole.Metal pin obmazhte glue and insert into the crystal.
9
If the entire circumference of the ring you need to fix a few stones, use the "channel" tack. crystals place inside the channel, which should be long enough to accommodate all the inserts.The stones, faceted in the form of a rectangle, help to create the effect of a solid ring.
Sources:
  • Jewelry insertion.Types tacks

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