Oil and gas fields
Today in Germany found a lot of oil and gas fields (130 petroleum outlets and approximately 90 gas).Basically, these deposits are concentrated in the central part of the European oil and gas basin.The largest deposits are located in the Sud-Oldenburg - is the most promising and developed areas.However, oil and gas were discovered in the eastern part of Germany, but they constitute only a small part of the overall potential of the country.
Oil shale and coal
Germany has considerable natural reserves of oil shale.In Lower Saxony, the power of the industrial layer reaches fifteen meters, and the total capacity of the south-west of the country near the city of Messel is up to 310 meters.
leading role in the mining of coal in the country takes Nizhnereynsky coal basin.The m
ain difficulty in the extraction of minerals in Germany - a very large depth.
With regard to lignite, its deposits are concentrated near Cottbus and Dresden, Halle and Leipzig.The average calorific value of one kilogram of brown coal produced in Germany is approximately 10.0 MJ.This is sufficiently high for the area.Coal reserves in Germany are considerable.Studies show that if the current rate of exploitation, they will last for approximately 600 years.
other ore minerals
According to studies, the uranium reserves in Germany amount to about five thousand tons.In reserves of iron is the fourth largest country in Europe.Total in Germany found 44 deposits of iron, but the reserves of copper ores are very small.Lead-zinc ores are mainly located in the Harz, the Black Forest and near the town of Freiberg.These ores are often found gold, silver, rubidium, and indium, and other elements.
Silicate nickel ore deposits are found only in the southwest of Saxony, but the reserves of potash Germany ranked third in the world and first among European countries.In addition, Germany has significant reserves of barite and fluorite.The largest deposits are located in the Thuringian Forest, Harz and Vogtland.