Schema and its adoption
schema is called in the Orthodox monastic highest degree, which requires monks to accept it, comply with the harsh ascetic conditions.Initially schema was a monastic robe special form, but over time the word came to be called solemn oath monk ready to asceticism.When vows in novices, man must renounce all worldly things, changed his name, vowing hermit and dressed in a monk's clothes - schema.
Taking schema monk completely change their way of life on the monastic life and devote himself completely to God.
traditional Orthodox monasticism has four degrees - ryasoforstva, the initial degree of monasticism, small schema and great schema.The initial degree of novice do not require bringing any vows - in contrast to the small schema, when the future is to
bring the monk vows of obedience, virginity and non-possession, as well as change the name.Great Schema is bringing a vow of constant prayer and regular change of name of the monk, who with each change of name becomes the new patron saint.
Features making schema
monk, receiving the great schema, completely estranged from the bustle of the world, starting to constant prayer, designed to reunite his soul with God.Such people are called hermits or Schemamonk.In fact, the great schema repeats all of the major vows small schema, but at the same time it behooves the monk vows to abide by these more strictly and rigorously.
In ancient hermit gave one additional vow - to shut in the cave forever renounce mortal world, left alone with God.
Great Schema Russian Orthodox Church usually live apart from the rest of the monks and perform only the obedience that concern duhovnichestva, rule of prayer and ministry of the liturgy.The bishop, who took the schema, loses the ability to manage the diocese, the priests and monks are exempt from all duties, other than constant prayer.If Schemamonk no possibility to lead an ascetic life in a cave or desert, he settled as a hermit in the cenobitic monastery.
Today the shutter was stopped required for hermits who observe the rules of asceticism in seclusion - they have voluntarily accepted the great schema, you finally have dedicated themselves to the Lord and his service to him.