Guide
1
hypothesis, in the sense of scientific methodology, there is an uncertain assumption - on the properties, causes, structures, relationships studied objects or phenomena.By virtue of its supposedly hypothesis needs to be tested in the course of which she or confirmed or refuted.Whatever it was in the end a hypothesis - false or true - it has heuristic value, because during the verification there are new facts, empirical data.So, our knowledge expands.
2
hypotheses are divided into public and private.General hypothesis - about the properties, causes, structures, relationships entire classes of objects under study.For example, "all mushrooms are edible" or "none of the cats can not fly."Priv
ate hypothesis - about the properties, causes, structures, relationships of individual phenomena or groups.For example, "some mushrooms are edible once" or "the cat flies by day, because the owners are not home."
3
hypotheses are usually made until relatively unknown properties, causes, structures, relationships.However, there is a kind of hypotheses in which all conditions are already known and well studied.This kind of hypothesis is called a hypothesis ad hoc (for this case).A special kind of hypothesis - the hypothesis of "workers."The working hypothesis - it is not even suggested, but rather "guiding idea" that needs no validity, or even often in a strictly logical formulation.In fact, this hypothesis on the way to the hypothesis.
4
hypothesis underlies the so-called hypothetical-deductive method, the characteristic feature of which is the removal from the premises of the hypothesis claims that contradict known facts or the truth of a statement followed by their experimental or theoretical verification.