Observation is one of the main methods of studying natural sciences.In elementary school, on the job description of the nature should be accessible to the child's understanding, while wearing a scientific nature.
to specify the description of nature is usually selected plant, animal, bird, which meet the student on his way home or to school, growing or living near the house and invited to observe them for a certain length of time, recording changesIt is happening to them at different times of the year.
To simplify the task of the child and to orient it more clearly, you need to prepare and propose a plan by which you want to watch the selected object.For example:
1) How does the power of birds when winter comes?
2) As the seasons affect their growth and
3) Protects a bird mother their young from the rain and cold?If so, how is she doing?
4) Do you have a mother-bird "special language" for the "conversation" with a chick?And so on.
Such monitoring should be carried out over a long period of time.A child needs to capture all the features and characteristics seen in a separate notebook.The outcome of this work should become a student essay surveillance on the basis of the facts, with the mandatory inference.
in the first and second grades students are invited to keep a diary of observations of nature, in which every day is fixed and observed weather related phenomena.In these diaries, which are usually issued in albums for drawing, making sketches, diagrams and tables are drawn, selected and write poetry, proverbs and folk omens dedicated to nature and the world around them.
In third grade children already afford to solve more complex problems.They are invited to observe and write a story about a particular phenomenon or animal (bird).The child is able to create a holistic view of the living being, and a detailed description of his appearance, habits and behavior;or tell you about the natural and weather events (the rainbow, the rain, the process of the emergence and defoliation of trees).
Written work may also be carried out in the wake of an excursion to the city park, botanical garden, forest, nature reserve, or the exhibition of exotic plants.