geological origins date back to ancient times and are associated with the first information about the rocks, ores and minerals.The term "geology" was introduced by the Norwegian scientist, MPEsholtom in 1657, as an independent branch of natural science, she stood out in the late eighteenth century.The turn of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries was marked by a qualitative leap in the development of geology - turning it into a complex of sciences in connection with the introduction of the physico-chemical and mathematical methods.
Modern Geology includes many of its constituent disciplines, revealing the secrets of the Earth in different areas.Volcanology, cry
stallography, mineralogy, tectonics, petrography - this is not a complete list of the independent branches of geological science.And geology is closely linked to areas that have practical value: Geophysics Tectonophysics, geochemistry, etc.
Geology is often called the science of the "dead" nature, unlike biology.Of course, changes to the stone shell of the Earth, is not so obvious and take time for centuries and millennia.This geology explains how our planet was formed and what processes occurred on it over the years of its existence.On the current face of the Earth, created by geological "figures" - wind, cold, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions - recounts science geology.
practical significance of geology for human society can not be overestimated.She has been researching the earth's interior, allowing you to extract from them the minerals without which human existence would be impossible.Mankind has come a long way of evolution - from the "stone" period in the age of high technology.And his every move was accompanied by the new discoveries in the field of geology, bring tangible benefits to the development of society.
Geology also be called historical science because it can be used to track changes in the composition of the soil, rocks, minerals.By studying the remains of living creatures that inhabited the planet thousands of years ago, geology provides answers to questions about when these species inhabit the earth and why extinct.On the composition of the fossils can be seen on the sequence of events that took place on the planet.The path of development of organic life for millions of years is embodied in the layers of the Earth, who studies the science of geology.