- - linguistic dictionary;
- - the analyzed text passage.
The primary concept of it - is the activity of the speaker, which uses the language of communication in the team, expressing the internal state of thoughts and feelings.In addition to the process of speaking, this includes the perception and understanding of speech, language community members."Sounding speech."
It - is the language in action.It exists in oral and written form.If you made the process of speaking or hearing panel determines speaking, reading or writing - writing.In this interpretation of the concept of "we" and "language" used interchangeably."Speaking", "written language".
Variety of communication by means of language, which is characterized by a certain set of lexical and grammatical means, also called speech.The use of this species depends on the conditions and purpose of communication (communication)."Poetic speech", "business speech", "Speaking."
also to the concept of "we" refers view of constructing statements using the selected syntax.In this interpretation of the concept is very mnogoobrazno.Avtorskaya it is a narrative in fiction, not containing speech personazhey.Kosvennaya it - drawing another's speech via a subordinate clause.(He regretted asked, referring to Yegor, why he took it with him.) Direct speech - verbatim statements from the face of the speaker, accompanied by the author's words.("Why do not you go?" - I asked the coachman impatiently.) Double indirect speech - passed a foreign language containing elements of both direct and indirect.(What Lyuba remained in the city, it was especially nice earrings. Lyuba was a desperate girl, its in the board.)
Public speaking is often referred to as speech.In this interpretation of it - it is an example of oratory, informative and expressive.Language laws of construction of public speech is studying rhetoric.
Tip 2: What is the direct speech
inclusion in the narrative of words belonging to others, always creates a certain grammatical and punctuation problems when creating a text.To properly arrange the direct speech to the letter, it is necessary to understand the essence of this phenomenon.
Direct speech is one of the main modes of transmission of another's speech.It is represented in one or more offerings, where it reproduces verbatim writing of another person on his behalf.This saves all the grammatical, syntactic and stylistic features of another's speech.Direct speech can be used for expression of the speech of another person or of the speech delivered before writing.
usual direct speech is accompanied by the words of the author, commenting on who and how the phrase was uttered.The words of the author are the main means of incorporating another's speech into text, as in the rest of the line remains unchanged and it is not subject to the restructuring of language constructs, as it happens, for example, in indirect speech.
expressed are the author's words verbs, is the process of speaking ("Ask", "answer", "comment", "yelled") or thought ("thought", "decided").It can also be verbs that describe related activities ("smile", "he slapped his forehead", "wink").Sometimes verbs replaced verbal nouns with the same value.The words of the author preceded by direct speech, follow it or are located within it.
from being located in the text of the words of the author, dependent production of punctuation in the text where there is direct speech.If the proposal begins with the words of the author, they are followed by a colon, and it stands very straight quotes.In the case where the author is a comment after it, direct it and enclosed in quotation marks and ending dashes.The point and the comma at the end of direct speech are placed outside the quotation marks, and ellipses, exclamation and question marks are inside them.
More complicated is the situation where the author's words divide direct speech into two parts.If it is expressed in a single sentence, the alignment of punctuation marks can be expressed scheme "P - A - n ./?/!", Where "a" - these are the words of the author, and the "P" is a direct speech.When the transfer of another's speech is carried out with the help of the two proposals, the scheme looks like this: "P, /? /!- a.- P./?/!".
Dialogue is a form of direct speech.It can be driven without commenting on the words of the author, and different stands on the letter.