discovery of Antarctica: the official version
According to the official version, the continent was actually opened in 1820, when 16 (28) January expedition led by the great Russian officers, sailors Mikhail Lazarev and Thaddeus Bellingshausen saw nearby unknown land.This land was the sixth, the last one opened the continents of the globe - Antarctica. distance traveled by boats "Peace" and "East", is 100 thousand kilometers.
Members of the expedition managed to do what had previously been considered impossible.
As early as 1775 the famous explorer James Cook, who was unable to break through the ice (it stopped about two hundred kilometers from Antarctica), wrote in his diary that no one
will be able to move it further south. landing in Antarctica Russian expedition did not make, and that is one of the causes of disputes about the opening of the continent.
Bellingshausen and Lazarev expedition lasted just over two years (751 days), and the path traversed by them is equal to two world tour.
discovery of Antarctica: conjectures and assumptions
version of the existence of the continent expressed in the second century AD Greek geographer and astronomer Ptolemy.However, his suggestion for centuries were not confirmed by scientific facts.
At the beginning of the sixteenth century, the Portuguese, led by Amerigo Vespucci reached the island of South Georgia, but returned because of severe cold that he could not tolerate any of the members of the flotilla.In 1775, James Cook went deep into the Atlantic waters, but to break through the cold and ice close to the mainland, he could not, and was also forced to retreat.Although he was convinced of the existence of Antarctica.
who first set foot on the ground, and opened the
lately become a popular assertion that the land is not open, it is not set foot man.From another date "discovery" of the sixth continent - 23 January 1895, when the Norwegians Christensen (captain of the ship "Antarctica") and Carlsen Borchgrevink (Science teacher) reached the coast of Antarctica, and it landed on the ground.
Their expedition managed to get samples of minerals and describe the aurora.A few years later Borchgrevink returned to Antarctica, but in the role of leader of the expedition on the ship called "Southern Cross".