Bible is considered the greatest book of all time based on its antiquity, as the importance of literary masterpiece and unsurpassed importance to all mankind.Today the Bible is translated into more than language 2500, and the number of its publications has exceeded 5 billion copies, making it the most popular book in a modern society.However, the current edition of the Holy Scriptures are later translated from the original languages ​​in which it was created.
Bible began writing 3500 years ago.Its main part (the Old Testament) was written in Hebrew.The only exceptions are a few of its individual parts, created in Aramaic dialect.This situation was caused by the prolonged stay of the ancient Jews in Babylonian captivity (6th century BC), where their culture has influenced the local langua
the conquests of Alexander the Great caused the penetration of Greek culture and the Middle East.Under the powerful influence of Hellenism hundreds of thousands of Jews born outside their homeland of Israel, gradually forget their native language, adopting Greek (Koine).To prevent compatriots to move away from the original faith, Jewish teachers set a goal to translate the Old Testament into Greek.So, to the 2nd century BCcame the first Greek-speaking translation of the Old Testament known as the Septuagint.Later this translation is actively used by Christian preachers who carried the word of Christ to all corners of the Roman Empire.
arisen in the 1st century Christianity became the basis for the emergence of the second part of the Bible - the New Testament.Given the existence of the main international language - the Greek - all his books were also written in this language, Koine.However, historians have reason to believe that the very first book of the New Testament, the Gospel of Matthew was originally written in Hebrew.The presence of Greek-speaking translation of the Old and New Testaments give the opportunity to a huge number of people living in different parts of the Roman Empire, to be able to read the entire Bible.
In the future, natural and cultural-historical laws have revealed the need for another translation of the Bible into other languages.The Greek language is slowly becoming obsolete, giving way to the Latin.We began to appear new translations, of which the best known translation of the Vulgate acquired (from the Latin - "public").Its author was a theologian Jerome, who presented his work to light about 405 ADThe revised 1592 version of the Vulgate was the official translation of the Roman Catholic Church.
development of society and the formation of new states has led to the gradual emergence into the light of new translations of the Bible into other languages.The era of navigation, enabling you to open previously unknown countries, has enabled the development of the missionary movement.This, in turn, require new efforts to translate the Bible into the languages ​​spoken by the inhabitants of remote areas.A special impetus in this direction was the development of printing.The first printed Bible, the "Gutenberg Bible", came out in 1456. Since then, copies of the Holy Scriptures, translated into various languages ​​of the peoples of the world, began to go out with increasing progression.At the moment, the Bible fully or partially available to read 90% of the world population.