Aboriginal birthplace of humanity was the African continent.Settling on earth happened gradually over tens of thousands of years.Russell, people did not know that the Earth is a sphere.Therefore, it was known only to those parts of the occupied territories in which they lived.Europeans knew only their territory, Chinese and Indians - his.The ancient settlers of modern America and Australia was known only to their land.Limited view of the world while only trade relations.
It looked like the Old World Map
Marco Polo discovered the Europeans Asia.He described his journey in his diary, through which people refine their understanding of the world.But people still suspected that the planet can not be flat.

Watching circular disc of the moon, the ancient scientists and philosophers identified the unity of the u
niverse, and even tried to calculate the circumference of the Earth.The maps created in antiquity, had already meridians semicircular shape.At the beginning of our era came the first globe.But it was only known to Europeans the Old World - China, India, the Arab territories Khorezm, Persia, Egypt and European countries: the Roman Empire, Kievan Rus, the kingdom of Portugal, Spain, France, the Netherlands, England and many duchies.
Not yet fully known New World
Open Marco Polo Europeans new wealth Asian merchants were forced to go there, anticipating huge profits.Silk, precious stones, ivory, and most importantly - spices.The European aristocracy was willing to pay for all this gold.The era of the Great Discoveries.

But the road to the east was controlled by the Arabs.And the Europeans are not willing to pay intermediaries, seek other ways.Suspecting that the Earth is round, went the caravel of merchants around the African continent and to the west.Thus, paving a new way to Asia, it was discovered the New World.
the New World for the Europeans was a surprise.Gradually settle in new territory, there were new state.Gave the name of the new continent America.On the modern map of the world is 35 countries: USA, Canada, Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Dominica, Grenada, the Dominican Republic, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Costa Rica, Cuba, Nicaragua, Panama, El Salvador,Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Trinidad and Tobago, Jamaica, Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Venezuela, Guyana, Colombia, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, Chile, Ecuador.