Features legume family
legume family has two forms: herbaceous and woody.The forms, in turn, are divided into three subfamilies on the structure of the flower: mimosa, caesalpinioideae and legumes.
caesalpinioideae and mimosa plants - found only in warmer climates, and legumes grow around the globe.These include the well-known fodder and vegetable crops: peas, beans, beans, soybeans, chickpeas, peanuts, alfalfa and clover.
All representatives of legumes have a distinctive structure of the fruit - a pod.When ripe, the pod is opened on one or two sides.Beans are very diverse in size and shape.
leaves the majority of the representatives of legumes complex: feathery or web-footed, arranged in pairs, one to twenty pairs.
peculiarity of the roots of le
guminous plants is the presence of tubers, which are colonies of nitrogen-fixing bacteria that penetrate into the roots out of the ground and cause proliferation of the root system.
Nutritional value legumes
role of legumes in human life is very high.Since ancient times, the representatives of food legumes are an integral part of the diet of all peoples.
Nutritional value of leguminous plants, due to their diverse composition: proteins, lots of starch, some species are in the fruit and vegetable oil.
Pea contains up to 28% protein, lentil - 32% soy and 40% of the total weight.These figures do legumes cheap substitute meat food products.From soybean and peanut industrially produced vegetable oil.
Legumes are a source of B vitamins: B1, B2, B6, which have a positive effect on the heart.Fiber in products positively affects the intestines and causes saturation of the body.
very important advantage of leguminous plants - they do not accumulate in itself nitrates and toxins.
role of legumes
fodder, medicinal, technical, honey, ornamental plants, also play a very important role in the life of mankind.From fodder crops, in terms of footprint, clover - in first place, followed by various types of alfalfa and camel thorn.
valuable and herbs: Cassia (used as a laxative), licorice root (a raw material for the pharmaceutical industry).
Some tropical species are the source of valuable timber red and dark brown.Many species of legumes isolated gum, which is used in the paint and textile industry.