Despite the metaphorical expressions thaw reflects a very specific phenomenon in the history of the Soviet state, the first time in decades, the intelligentsia have an opportunity to express their opinions and to realize the creative potential without fear for their fate and the fate of loved ones.

thaw period is characterized by a sharp jump in science, culture and art, an increase in the level of the urban social and, most importantly, the rural population, strengthening the position of the Soviet Union in the international arena.

Achievements of the USSR in the field of science and technology

No need to once again remind you that it was during the reign of Khrushchev became Soviet space.In the period from 1956 to 1959, it was re-established more than
three thousand research institutions.Union began intensive research into nuclear power, and finally reached parity with the US military.

given carte blanche to continue development of geneticists.For a long time the activity of "Veysmanistov-Morganists" regarded as reactionary bourgeois pseudoscience and pursued at the state level.

Culture and art of the period of thaw

first to react to changes in the representatives of culture and art.At that time, were created works such as the novel "Not by Bread Alone" and Dudintsev novel "One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich" AISolzhenitsyn.The weakening of the censorship allowed the artists to show their vision of reality, give a critical assessment of recent historical events.

Platform new galaxy of writers and poets became thick journal "New World", chaired by A. Twardowski.On its pages were first published poems of Yevgeny Yevtushenko, Robert Rozhdestvensky, Bella Akhmadulina, Andrei Voznesensky.

Cinema Stalin era is in focus of the leader of the people, therefore subjected to the most captious censorship."De-Stalinization" gave not only domestic but also world cinema names such as Marlene Hutsiev, L. Gaidai, E. Ryazanov.

film and Gennady M. Hutsieva Shpalikov "I Am Twenty" is still the symbol of the thaw period, not only in regard to the transfer of the atmosphere of those years, but also in how it has managed to partocratic bosses.The film was cut up and down, renamed "I'm twenty years old," in this way is shown to the public and put into archives for long 20 years.

aspirations of the intelligentsia at that time was the main driving force behind the thaw did not materialize.Temporary warming replaced by another escalation of the conflict in all areas.

End thaw

It is not complicated relationship with intellectuals Khrushchev personally put an end to a temporary weakening of the reaction.The point that has put an end to the era, was the Nobel Prize awarded to B. Pasternak for his novel "Doctor Zhivago", published abroad.

Of course, the main reason for the completion of the era of change has deeper roots, which lie in a society built on the basis of the administrative-command system.