features of agriculture in Russia
Russian agriculture consists of two main sectors: livestock and crop production.In turn, each of them has a finer division.A significant place in the development of regional agricultural production takes grain and industrial crops and horticulture.
most important livestock industry - growing livestock and poultry.Milk and dairy cattle breeding is characteristic of the forest zone of the country.In more arid areas and semi-dominated cattle breeding to produce meat. in developed regions lately especially important to fisheries;Catch the Russian Federation is surely among the top ten.
On the spatial distribu
tion of agro-industrial enterprises influence climatic factors: the number of warm days of the year, the amount of rainfall, the duration of the winter period.What matters is the composition of the soil: what it is richer in minerals, the wider network of agricultural enterprises.
problems of agriculture in the Russian regions
Since the collapse of the Soviet Union, the area of arable land in Russia has decreased by more than 16 million hectares.Today, the entire agricultural sector acute problem of increasing exports and reducing imports.This requires a decision at the level of the federal government, and changes in legislation.Without such measures, the regional enterprise sector will not be able to confidently develop.
main agricultural enterprises are located in the European part of the country, in the North Caucasus, southern Siberia and the Urals.One of the crisis regions of Russia in terms of agriculture is Nechernozemie.In the Central and North-Western regions of the country there is a complicated demographic situation, which leads to a lack of labor force engaged in agriculture and animal husbandry.Northwest area is also provided to a lesser extent fertilizers.
leaders in the production of agricultural products are the North Caucasus, the Volga region and the Krasnodar region, where particularly distinguished Samara, Saratov and Volgograd regions. In the suburban areas of regional centers are still developing well greenhouses and greenhouse farming, thereby providing the urban population with fresh vegetables throughout the year.
In 2013, the Ministry of Agriculture tried to operationally direct the funds to the regions to target support for agriculture.But there were a factor retarding agricultural department on the ground: end subsidies to producers are not always reached in time.There were also found irregularities in the intended use of finances at the regional level.
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