Characteristics of subjects of the Russian Federation
each subject of the federation other than the federal government has the executive power in the person of (President) or the Governor, as well as legal (regional parliaments) and judicial (the Constitutional Court of the subject).Subjects of the Russian Federation are not guided only by the Constitution of the Russian Federation, but also its own constitution or charter, and also have legislation that was adopted by the regional parliament.
activities of federal authorities and authorities of the federal subjects are based on the division of powers among them.Subjects of the Russian Federation have a full state power in all matters not related to the joint jurisdicti
on of the Federation and federal entities.General powers of the Russian Federation and its subjects are: compliance with federal laws and laws of subjects of the Russian Federation, as well as their compliance with the Constitution of the Russian Federation and its own constitution (statute) of the subjects;protection of the rights and freedoms of man and citizen, as well as ethnic minorities;the rule of law enforcement and public security and the like.
Features RF subjects
to Russia includes 22 republics, 9 territories, 46 regions, 3 cities of federal significance, 1 autonomous region and 4 autonomous districts.Depending on the legal status they are combined into 3 groups.
have the status of the state, which is defined by the Constitution of the Russian Federation and its own constitution.The republics have the highest authorities who have certain powers, for example, to establish national languages.Between the Republic and the Federation, as a rule, it concluded bilateral agreements, which makes a significant difference from other federal entities.
autonomous entities, which include the autonomous regions and the autonomous region, is a national and territorial entities.Autonomous regions have the feature - they come not only to the Russian Federation, but also in the territory or region.At the same time they have the right to develop a draft federal law on their legal status.Autonomous entities referred to by name or national or ethnic groups for which this area is the historic homeland.
territories, regions, and federal cities are administrative-territorial units, formed not on a national basis.The status of these entities defined by the Constitution of the Russian Federation and its own charter.